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人物畵에 나타난 문제지표와 家庭環境變因과의 相關硏究

Title
人物畵에 나타난 문제지표와 家庭環境變因과의 相關硏究
Other Titles
RELATIONSHIP OF DAP INDEX AND FAMILIAL ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Authors
이영희
Issue Date
1983
Department/Major
교육대학원 교육학전공교육심리분야
Keywords
인물화문제지표가정환경변인상관연구
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
兒童들에 게 影響을 주고 있는 環境을 家庭, 學校, 社會라고 分類 할때 , 兒童들의 環境을 주로 構成하고 있고, 重要한 影響을 주고 있는 것은 家庭環境임을 心理學者들의 硏究에 依해 그 重要性이 널리 認定되고 있다. 아무 제한도 받지않은 아이들의 自發的인 人物에 對한 해석을 통해서, 어린이들의 身體言語이며 環境에 對해서 갖는 態度의 投射인 人物畵와 家庭環境診斷檢査紙에서 나타난 要因別과는 相關이 있는가 알아보려는데 그 目的이 있다. 따라서 本 硏究에서 具體的으로 밝히고자 하는 問題는 다음과 같다. 1 .家庭의 價値指向性과 人物畵에 나타난 문제지표와는 어떠한 關係가 있는가? 2 .家庭의 集團性格과 人物畵에 나타난 문제지표와는 어떠한 關係가 있는가? 3 .家庭의 心理的 過程과 人物畵에 나타난 문제지표와는 어떠한 關係가 있는가? 이를 위해 서울 시내에 있는 수색 국민학교 3학년생 108名을 對象으로 人物畵檢査와 家庭環境診斷檢査(鄭 元植 1970 )를 實施하였으며, 人物畵에서 나타나는 間題兒·正常兒를 家庭環境診斷檢査의 3개의 하위차원에 따라 上下集團으로 區分하여 이를 集團의 문제지표 10가지와 家庭의 價値指向性, 家庭의 集團性格, 家庭의 心理的 適程과를 각각 七檢證하여 살펴보았으며, MRTest 에 의거하여 해석하였다. 이상의 硏究節次에 의거하여 얻은 結果를 基礎로 하여 다음과 같은 結果를 抽出하였다. 1 . 家庭의 價値指向性과 人物畵에 나타난 문제지표는 다음과 같다. 自我强固性( S )은 正常兒 中 家庭의 價値指向性이 높은 集團이 가장 높았고, 自我弱小( M )와 家庭의 價値指向性과의 關係는 차이가 없었다. 精神葛藤(C), 神經症的 노이로제 ( N )는 間題兒 中 家庭의 價値指向性 이 낮은 集團이 가장 높았으며 , 欲求挫折(F) 精神病的 症勢 ( Sch ) , 조숙 ( PS )은 家庭의 價値指向性과 관계 없이 間題兒가 더 높았다. 2. 家庭의 集團性格과 人物書에 나타난 문제지표는 다음과같다. 自我强固性( S )은 家庭의 集團性格의 높고 낮음에 관계없이 正常兒 中 家庭의 集團性格이 낮은 集團이 더 높고, 또한 正常兒 中 家庭의 集團性格이 낮은 集團은 家庭의 集團性格이 높은 集團보다 自我强固性이 더 높았다. 自我弱小(M), 精神葛藤(C), 神經症的 노이로제(N)는 家庭의 集團性格의 높고 낮음에 관계없이 正常兒와 間題兒의 차이는 없었고, 欲求挫折( F )은 間題兒 中 家庭의 集團性格이 낮은 集團이 다른 集團에 비해 높았으며, 精神病的 症勢( Sch ) ,조숙(PS)은 家庭의 集團性格의 높고 낮음에 관계 없이 問題兒가 正常兒보다 높았다. 3 .家庭의 心理的 過程과 入物畵에 나타난 문제지표와는 다음과 같다. 自我强固性( S ) , 欲求挫折( F ) , 精神病的 症勢( Sch ) , 조숙(PS)은 家庭의 心理的 過程의 높고 낮음에 관계없이 間題兒가 正常兒 보다 높았다. 自我弱小(M), 精神葛藤(C), 神經症的 노이로제 ( N )는 家庭의 心理的 過程의 높고 낮음에 관계없이 問題兒와 正常兒의 차이가 없었다.;There are circumstances to influence the children, such as home, school, and society. It has been recongnized that home circumstance is important to the children. The present study is to investigate the relation a figure painting and factors of home circumstances test according to the intergretation of a figure by the unconditioned children. So, these are problems to axamine as follows; 1. How about the relation a figure painting between climbing upper classes? 2. How about the relation a figure painting between pointing to material? 3. How about the relation a figure painting between conventionalism? 4. How about the relation a figure painting between expecting role to parents? 5. How about the relation a figure painting between attitude of family? 6. How about the relation a figure painting between congealing of family? 7. How about the relation a figure painting between achievement? 8. How about the relation a figure painting between openingclosing? 9. How about the relation a figure painting between affection-rejection? 10. How about the relation a figure painting between selfcontrol-heteromony? To investigate them, figure painting tests and home circumstances test were used to 108 children, third grade, elementary school in Seoul Problem children and normal children by figure painting were seperated two groups according to the factors of home circumstances test. 10 factors of these groups and 10 factors of home circumstances were examined by t. Results are as follows. 1. In each group, problem children home of highly climbing upper classes has higher tendency in S.F. (Frustration), Sch, PS than normal children home, M.C. and N. has no meaning. 2. In each group, problem home of highly pointing to material has higher S, Fl, Sch than normal, M.C. N and PS has no meaning. 3. In each group, Problem home of high conventionalism has higher S, Sch, and PS than normal. Normal home is more F than problem M, C, and N has no meaning. 4. In each group, problem home of high expecting role has higher S, Sch than normal, M, C, E, N and PS has no moaning. 5. In each group, problem home of high attitude of family has higher 5, Sch, and PS than normal, M, C, F, and N has no meaning. 6. In each group, problem home of highly congealing home has more S, E, Sch, and PS than normal. M, C, and N has no meaning. 7. In each group, problem home of high achievement has more Sch and PS than normal. M, C, and N has no meaning. 8. In each group, problem home of high opening-closing has more s, M, F, Sch and PS than normal. Normal home is more C than problem N has no meaning. 9. In each group, problem home of high affection-rejection has more than normal. M, C, and N has no meaning. 10. In each group problem home of high self-control-hetero-nony has more S, F, Sch and PS than normal M, C, and N has no moaning.
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