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인문계와 실업계 남자 고등학생의 역기능적 진로사고와 진로미결정의 관계
- 인문계와 실업계 남자 고등학생의 역기능적 진로사고와 진로미결정의 관계
- Other Titles
- A Study on the Relations Between the Academic and the Vocational Boys' High School Students' Dysfunctional Career Thought and Career Undecided
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- 교육대학원 상담심리전공
- 이화여자대학교 교육대학원
- 본 연구는 계열에 따른 남자 고등학생의 역기능적 진로사고와 진로미결정의 관계를 파악하는데 그 목적이 있다. 이를 위해 인문계와 실업계 고등학교로 나누어 계열에 따른 역기능적 진로사고와 진로미결정이 유의미한 상관이 있는지 알아보고, 진로미결정에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대해 알아보았다. 또 계열에 따라 진로미결정에 차이가 있는지와 성적에 따른 진로미결정의 차이를 알아보았다.
본 연구의 연구문제는 다음과 같다.
첫째, 역기능적 진로사고와 진로미결정은 유의미한 관계가 있는가? 둘째, 인문계와 실업계 학생들은 서로 다른 역기능적 진로사고 하위요인이 진로미결정에 영향을 미치는가? 셋째, 인문계 고등학교와 실업계 고등학교 간에 진로미결정 수준에 차이가 있는가? 넷째, 인문계 고등학생과 실업계 고등학생의 진로미결정은 각 학교 내에서 보이는 성적 수준과 관련이 있는가? 즉, 인문계든 실업계든 상관없이 성적이 낮을수록 진로미결정이 높은가?
본 연구는 서울과 인천 소재 4개교 인문계와 실업계 남자 고등학생 1, 2학년 277명을 대상으로 하였다. 이들의 역기능적 진로사고를 측정하기 위해서 Sampson 등(1996)에 의해 개발되고 이재창, 최인화, 박미진(2004a)이 번안한 진로사고검사(CTI)를 사용하였으며, 진로미결정 수준을 측정하기 위해서 Osipow 등(1980)이 개발하고 고향자(1992)가 번안한 진로결정척도(Career Decision Scale: CDS)를 사용하였다.
자료 분석은 역기능적 진로사고와 진로미결정 간의 상관분석을 실시하였고, 진로미결정에 영향을 미치는 요인을 알아보기 위해 회귀분석을, 계열과 성적에 따른 진로미결정의 차이를 알아보기 위해 t-검증을 실시하였다.
본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다.
첫째, 인문계와 실업계 모두 역기능적 진로사고 전체 및 하위척도와 진로결정 척도의 미결정과는 유의한 정적상관이 나타났으나, 성적과 미결정과는 유의한 상관이 나타나지 않았다. 둘째, 진로미결정에 영향을 미치는 역기능적 진로사고 요인을 알아 본 결과, 인문계는 의사결정혼란과 수행불안이 유의한 영향력을 나타냈고, 실업계에서는 역기능적 진로사고 전체만이 유의한 영향력을 나타냈다. 셋째, 계열에 따른 진로미결정의 차이 분석에서는 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았고 성적에 따라서도 진로미결정은 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았다.
이를 통해 역기능적 진로사고가 진로미결정에 영향을 미치는 요인임을 알 수 있었고, 진로미결정에 영향을 미치는 요인은 서로 다르지만 계열별로 진로미결정에는 차이가 없음과 성적에 따른 진로미결정에도 차이가 없음을 알 수 있었다.;The purpose of this study was to grasp the relations between high school students? dysfunctional thought in future academic career according to the department of school and their career undecided. To do this, high schools were divided into academic and vocational school, and research was carried out to find out about if there are any significant correlations between students? dysfunctional thought in career and their career undecided, and factors that have influences on their career undecided were also investigated. In addition, it was investigated if there was difference according to the department of school, and also the difference in career undecided according to academic achievement.
The topics of this research work are as follows: First, are there any significant relations between dysfunctional thought in career and career undecided? Second, have the sub-factors of dysfunctional thoughts in career, which are different one another, affected of both academic and vocational school in their career undecided? Third, is there any difference in the degree of career undecided between academic high school and vocational high school? Fourth, is the career choices made by both academic high school students and vocational high school students related to the level of grades exhibited in each school? That is, does the number of cases of their indecisiveness on career choice become larger when their grades become lower regardless of the difference of school?
To test this, 277 first and second-year students attending two types of high schools were sampled from 4 different high schools located in the vicinity of Seoul and Incheon. And, to measure their dysfunctional thought in career, the Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI), which was designed by Sampson, et al. (1996) and modified by Lee Jae-chang, Choi In-hwa and Park Mi-jin (2004), was used, and to measure the level of career undecided, Career Decision Scale (CDS), which was designed by Osipow, et al. (1980), and modified by Go Hyang-ja (1992), was used.
For analysis of materials and data, correlation analysis between dysfunctional career thought and career undecided was performed, and to investigate the factors that have influences on career undecided, regression analysis was performed. And, to find out the differences in career undecided according to the department of school and grade, t-test was performed.
The results of the study are as follows: First, the results showed that there were significant static relations between whole dysfunctional thought in career of two types of high school students, and career choice scale undecided. However, the results from analysis indicated that there were no significant correlations between grade and career undecided. Second, results from investigation of dysfunctional thought in career factors that affect career undecided revealed that there were significant influences of decision making confusion and commitment anxiety upon students of academic high schools, and that there were significant influences only of whole dysfunctional thought in career on the students of vocational high school. Third, results from analysis of differences in career undecided according to the department of school exhibited that there were no significant differences, and that there were no significant differences in career undecided according to academic achievements.
Taken together, researcher could find out that dysfunctional career thought was the factor that had influences on career undecided, that there were no differences in career undecided according to the department of school, although factors that affected career undecided were different, and that there were no differences in career undecided according to grade.
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