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중학교 생물 수업을 위한 Pop - up Book 제작 프로그램의 개발과 적용

Title
중학교 생물 수업을 위한 Pop - up Book 제작 프로그램의 개발과 적용
Other Titles
Development and application of the Pop-up Book manufacture program for a middle school biology lesson
Authors
정민이
Issue Date
2005
Department/Major
교육대학원 생물교육전공
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
본 연구에서는 학생들이 순환-호흡-배설의 내용을 연계하여 인체의 구조와 기능을 통합적으로 이해할 수 있도록 하기 위해, 인체 모형 Pop-up Book 제작을 활용한 학습 자료를 개발하여 이를 수업에 적용하였다. 그리하여 Pop-up Book 제작 수업이 전통적인 강의식 수업에 비해 학생들의 성별, 인지수준별로 학업성취도와 통합적인 개념 이해에 어떠한 영향을 주는지 알아보았다. 본 연구에서는 중학교 1학년 135명을 대상으로 사전-사후 검사 통제집단 설계방법을 사용하였으며 통제집단은 전통적인 강의식 수업을, 실험집단은 Pop-up Book 제작을 이용한 수업을 실시하였다. 연구 단원은 「소화와 순환」,「호흡과 배설」단원으로 8차시에 걸쳐 수업처치를 하였다. 학생들의 인지수준을 파악하기 위하여 GALT 완본 검사지를 사용하였고, 학업성취도와 통합적 이해를 측정하기 위해 통합 개념을 묻는 문항을 포함시킨 학업성취도 검사를 개발하여 사용하였다. 검사 결과 처리는 SPSS 11.0을 이용하여 공변량분석(ANCOVA)을 하였다. 본 연구를 통해 얻어진 결론은 다음과 같다. 첫째, Pop-up Book 제작 수업은 학업성취도를 높이는데 남·여학생 모두에게 있어서 전통적 수업보다 효과적이었다(p< .01). 인지수준별로는 구체적 조작기와 과도기의 학생들에게 효과적이었으나(p< .01), 형식적 조작기 학생들에게는 수업방법에 따라 유의미한 차이가 없었다. 둘째, 순환, 호흡, 배설의 통합적 이해 면에서는 Pop-up Book 제작 수업이 효과가 있는 것으로 나타나(p<.01), 해당 단원의 단일한 개념들을 유기적으로 연계시키고 통합적으로 이해하는데 Pop-up Book 제작 수업이 효과적임을 확인할 수 있었다.;In this study, in order that students can understand structure and function of human body configurationally connecting contents of 'circulation-respiratory- excretion', develops studying data that utilize anatomical model of the human body Pop-up Book manufacture and applied this to class. So, I investigate what kind of influence a Pop-up Book manufacture lesson has on academic achievement and integrative understanding according to students' sex and cognitive level compared with a traditional lecture type lesson. Also, wished to execute realization investigation about artificial organs, organs reproduction, living body internal organ transplant and recognize middle school student's realization for human body. In this study, I used Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design method to 135 students of the 1st grade in middle school and controls group executes way class of the traditional lecture, and experiment group executed class that use Pop-up Book manufacture. Study unit "digestion and circulation" and "breath and excretion" to unit decide and taught over 8 hours. I used GALT unabridged edition examination to grasp students' cognitive level, and used academic achievement examination and realization examination for human body that investigator developed. The data of this study was analyzed with covariant analysis (ANCOVA) and frequency analysis by using the spss 11.0 program. The conclusion of this study are summarized as follows. First, The Pop-up Book manufacture lesson was effective than traditional lesson in improvement of academic achievement for both male and female students(p<.01). By cognitive level, Pop-up Book manufacture lesson was effective to students of concrete operational period and transition period(p< .01), but it was no difference between two lesson methods to formal operational period students. Second, Pop-up Book manufacture class was effective in the integrative understanding side of circulation, breathing, excretion (p<.01). Therefore, I could confirm that Pop-up Book manufacture lesson is effective to link simple concepts of units organically and to understand configurationally that. Third, I was expose that realization findings for human body, middle school students has realization which is positive about artificial organs, living body internal organ transplant but have realization which is contradictory for organs reproduction. This is the result of appearing by respect consciousness to students' human body organization and life when each contents of the question item classified by domain are compared.
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