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The Risk of Cardiovascular Disease According to Chewing Status Could Be Modulated by Healthy Diet in Middle-Aged Koreans

Title
The Risk of Cardiovascular Disease According to Chewing Status Could Be Modulated by Healthy Diet in Middle-Aged Koreans
Authors
Chun, HyejinOh, JongchulDoo, Miae
Ewha Authors
전혜진
SCOPUS Author ID
전혜진scopus
Issue Date
2022
Journal Title
NUTRIENTS
ISSN
2072-6643JCR Link
Citation
NUTRIENTS vol. 14, no. 18
Keywords
cardiovascular diseasechewing statusKorean Heathy Eating IndexKorean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Publisher
MDPI
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
To assess whether a healthy diet could change the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related chewing difficulty (CD) in relation to age distribution. In a cross-sectional study of 9411 middle-aged Koreans from the KNHANES VII. In this study, the Framingham 10-year general CVD risk prediction equations and the Korean Heathy Eating index (KHEI) were used to assess the 10-year estimated risk of CVD and dietary quality, respectively. CD was experienced by 16.7% of the total subjects. Among subjects with CD, the 10-year estimated CVD risk was 8.71% of the subjects in the 30-49 years age group and 30.38% of those in the 50-64 years age group, which is a difference of approximately 3.5 times. Regardless of age distribution, the total score of the KHEI in subjects who had CD was significantly lower than in those who had no CD (NCD) (p = 0.004 for the 30-49 years age group and p < 0.001 for the 50-64 years age group, respectively). Among the subjects with poor KHEI in the 30-49-year age group, the adjusted odds ratio for the 10-year estimated CVD risk of the subjects with CD was 2.204-fold (95% CI = 1.385-3.506) higher using NCD as a reference. The findings showed that dietary quality could modify the risk for CVD according to chewing status.
DOI
10.3390/nu14183849
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의료원 > 의료원 > Journal papers
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