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Molecular pharmacology and therapeutic advances of the pentacyclic triterpene lupeol

Molecular pharmacology and therapeutic advances of the pentacyclic triterpene lupeol
Sohag A.A.M.Hossain M.T.Rahaman M.A.Rahman P.Hasan M.S.Das R.C.Khan M.K.Sikder M.H.Alam M.Uddin M.J.Rahman M.H.Tahjib-Ul-Arif M.Islam T.Moon I.S.Hannan M.A.
Ewha Authors
Md Jamal Uddin
Md Jamal Uddinscopus
Issue Date
Journal Title
0944-7113JCR Link
Phytomedicine vol. 99
BioavailabilityHealth effectsLupeolNanoparticlesNetwork pharmacologyTriterpenoid
Elsevier GmbH
Document Type
Background: Plant triterpenoids are major sources of nutraceuticals that provide many health benefits to humans. Lupeol is one of the pentacyclic dietary triterpenoids commonly found in many fruits and vegetables, which is highly investigated for its pharmacological effect and benefit to human health. Purpose: This systematic review critically discussed the potential pharmacological benefits of lupeol and its derivatives as evidenced by various cellular and animal model studies. To gain insight into the pharmacological effects of lupeol, the network pharmacological approach is applied. Pharmacokinetics and recent developments in nanotechnology-based approaches to targeted delivery of lupeol along with its safety use are also discussed. Methods: This study is dependent on the systematic and non-exhaustive literature survey for related research articles, papers, and books on the chemistry, pharmacological benefits, pharmacokinetics, and safety of lupeol published between 2011 and 2021. For online materials, the popular academic search engines viz. Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, ResearchGate, Springer, as well as official websites were explored with selected keywords. Results: Lupeol has shown promising benefits in the management of cancer and many other human diseases such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, kidney and liver problems, skin diseases, and neurological disorders. The pharmacological effects of lupeol primarily rely on its capacity to revitalize the cellular antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic mechanisms. Network pharmacological approach revealed some prospective molecular targets and pathways and presented some significant information that could help explain the pharmacological effects of lupeol and its derivatives. Despite significant progress in molecular pharmacology, the clinical application of lupeol is limited due to poor bioavailability and insufficient knowledge on its mode of action. Structural modification and nanotechnology-guided targeted delivery of lupeol improve the bioavailability and bioactivity of lupeol. Conclusion: The pentacyclic triterpene lupeol possesses numerous human health-benefiting properties. This review updates current knowledge and critically discusses the pharmacological effects and potential applications of lupeol and its derivatives in human health and diseases. Future studies are needed to evaluate the efficacies of lupeol and its derivatives in the management and pathobiology of human diseases. © 2022
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