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Direction of Tissue Contraction after Microwave Ablation: A Comparative Experimental Study in Ex Vivo Bovine Liver

Title
Direction of Tissue Contraction after Microwave Ablation: A Comparative Experimental Study in Ex Vivo Bovine Liver
Authors
Lee J.Rhim H.Lee M.W.Kang T.W.Song K.D.Lee J.K.
Ewha Authors
이정경
SCOPUS Author ID
이정경scopus
Issue Date
2022
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Radiology
ISSN
1229-6929JCR Link
Citation
Korean Journal of Radiology vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 42 - 51
Keywords
Ablation zone shapeMicrowaveSphericity indexThermal ablationTissue contraction
Publisher
Korean Radiological Society
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the direction of tissue contraction after microwave ablation in ex vivo bovine liver models. Materials and Methods: Ablation procedures were conducted in a total of 90 sites in ex vivo bovine liver models, including the surface (n = 60) and parenchyma (n = 30), to examine the direction of contraction of the tissue in the peripheral and central regions from the microwave antenna. Three commercially available 2.45-GHz microwave systems (Emprint, Neuwave, and Surblate) were used. For surface ablation, the lengths of two overlapped square markers were measured after 2.5-and 5-minutes ablations (n = 10 ablations for each system for each ablation time). For parenchyma ablation, seven predetermined distances between the markers were measured on the cutting plane after 5-and 10-minutes ablations (n = 5 ablations for each system for each ablation time). The contraction in the radial and longitudinal directions and the sphericity index (SI) of the ablation zones were compared between the three systems using analysis of variance. Results: In the surface ablation experiment, the mean longitudinal contraction ratio and SI from a 5-minutes ablation using the Emprint, Neuwave, and Surblate systems were 28.92% and 1.04, 20.10% and 0.53, and 24.90% and 0.45, respectively (p < 0.001). A positive correlation between longitudinal contraction and SI was noted, and a similar radial contraction was observed. In the parenchyma ablation experiment, the mean longitudinal contraction ratio and SI from a 10-minutes ablation using the three pieces of equipment were 38.60% and 1.06, 32.45% and 0.61, and 28.50% and 0.50, respectively (p < 0.001). There was a significant difference in the longitudinal contraction properties, whereas there was no significant difference in the radial contraction properties. Conclusion: The degree of longitudinal contraction showed significant differences depending on the microwave ablation equipment, which may affect the SI of the ablation zone. © 2022 The Korean Society of Radiology.
DOI
10.3348/kjr.2021.0134
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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