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Disaster risk reduction, community resilience, and policy effectiveness: the case of the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program in the United States

Title
Disaster risk reduction, community resilience, and policy effectiveness: the case of the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program in the United States
Authors
Ji, HyunjungLee, David
Ewha Authors
이승혁
Issue Date
2021
Journal Title
DISASTERS
ISSN
0361-3666JCR Link

1467-7717JCR Link
Citation
DISASTERS vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 378 - 402
Keywords
community resiliencedisaster risk mitigationHazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)policy effectivenessproperty damage
Publisher
WILEY
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Disasters triggered by natural hazards resulted in an accumulative economic loss of approximately USD 7 trillion and killed some eight million people worldwide in the twentieth century. Given the escalating threat posed by natural hazards to communities, scholars and practitioners are emphasising the importance of mitigation as a strategy to enhance community resilience. Little is known, though, about the extent to which governments' disaster risk reduction efforts have augmented community resilience outcomes. This paper bridges the gap by examining the effects of the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) in the United States, which was designed to improve disaster resilience at the community level. The study analysed natural hazard loss data pertaining to those US counties that received HMGP funds following the pronouncement of presidentially-declared disasters between 2010 and 2015. The findings suggest that the counties that obtained HMGP funds are likely to experience less property damage owing to future natural hazards.
DOI
10.1111/disa.12424
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 행정학전공 > Journal papers
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