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Determination of the migration of plastic additives and non-intentionally added substances into food simulants and the assessment of health risks from convenience food packaging

Title
Determination of the migration of plastic additives and non-intentionally added substances into food simulants and the assessment of health risks from convenience food packaging
Authors
Pack E.C.Lee K.Y.Jung J.S.Jang D.Y.Kim H.S.Koo Y.J.Lee H.G.Kim Y.S.Lim K.M.Lee S.H.Choi D.W.
Ewha Authors
임경민
SCOPUS Author ID
임경민scopus
Issue Date
2021
Journal Title
Food Packaging and Shelf Life
ISSN
2214-2894JCR Link
Citation
Food Packaging and Shelf Life vol. 30
Keywords
Convenience foodsMicrowaveMigration testsPackagingPlastic additives
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Convenience foods are currently popular among busy, modern consumers. However, the migration of plastics additives and non-intentionally added substances (NIAS) from packaging materials has raised concern about the potential health risks. The migration of nine compounds, including additives (butylated hydroxytoluene and 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol diisobutyrate), and NIAS that originated from additives degradation products (phenol, 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, acetophenone, 4-propylbenzaldehyde, 2,6-di-tert-butylbenzoquinone, 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol, and methyl-3-(3,5-ditertbutyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)) from convenience food packaging was evaluated in migration tests employing food simulants under real-life consumption and worst-case scenario conditions. Their migration level in the food simulants was quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Most of the compounds had a low frequency of detection and the detected compounds varied depending on the individual samples, regardless of the packaging materials. The worst-case migration tests showed that repetitive microwave heating considerably accelerated the migration and degradation of the additives due to polymer swelling, although a single microwave heating had little effect on the migration. Risk assessment confirmed that the current level of exposure of Korean consumers to the substances from convenience food packaging is unlikely to pose a health risk, even in the worst-case scenario. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
DOI
10.1016/j.fpsl.2021.100736
Appears in Collections:
약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal papers
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