View : 14 Download: 0

Association between statin use and sensorineural hearing loss in type 2 diabetic patients: A hospital-based study

Title
Association between statin use and sensorineural hearing loss in type 2 diabetic patients: A hospital-based study
Authors
Han H.-W.Yee J.Park Y.-H.Gwak H.-S.
Ewha Authors
곽혜선한혜원
SCOPUS Author ID
곽혜선scopus; 한혜원scopus
Issue Date
2021
Journal Title
Pharmaceuticals
ISSN
1424-8247JCR Link
Citation
Pharmaceuticals vol. 14, no. 11
Keywords
Sensorineural hearing lossStatinsTinnitusType 2 diabetic patients
Publisher
MDPI
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Background: Statins have emerged as protective agents against sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) associated with dyslipidemia, but the effects of statins on SNHL are not consistent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between statin use and the risk of SNHL using a hospital cohort. Methods: This nested case-control study included type 2 diabetic patients over the age of 18 years without a history of hearing loss. Of these, 1379 patients newly diagnosed with SNHL or tinnitus were classified as cases, and 5512 patients matched to the cases based on age, sex, and index year were classified as controls. Chi-squared tests were used to compare categorical variables between the two groups. Odds ratios (ORs) and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) were calculated from univariate and multivariable unconditional logistic regression analyses, respectively. Results: There was a significant difference in the prevalence of statin use between the cases and controls (53.7% vs. 61.2%, respectively; p < 0.001). The use of statins in type 2 diabetic patients significantly reduced the risk of SNHL or tinnitus by 24.8% (95% CI 14.2–34.1%, p < 0.001) after controlling for confounders. Similar results were found for the association between statin use and SNHL (AOR = 0.706; 95% CI 0.616–0.811, p < 0.001). The protective effects of statins against SNHL were consistent regardless of age and sex. Conclusion: The use of statins for type 2 diabetic patients was significantly associated with a reduced risk of SNHL, regardless of age and sex. Further studies are needed, especially large cohort studies, to evaluate the long-term protective effects of statins. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
DOI
10.3390/ph14111076
Appears in Collections:
약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE