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Understanding economic and cultural underpinnings of anti-immigrant attitudes: multilevel evidence from the Asian Barometer Survey Wave IV (2014-2016)
- Understanding economic and cultural underpinnings of anti-immigrant attitudes: multilevel evidence from the Asian Barometer Survey Wave IV (2014-2016)
- Kim, Harris Hyun-Soo; Kim, Hyun Jin
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC OPINION RESEARCH
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC OPINION RESEARCH vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 377 - 397
- OXFORD UNIV PRESS
- SSCI; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- A large body of research exists concerning determinants of public opinion on immigration and immigrants, primarily based on Western countries. Given that South-South migratory flows have increased dramatically in recent decades, we contribute to the literature by analyzing cross-national probability data in the Asian context. Using multilevel modeling, we derive and test economic and cultural hypotheses concerning natives' support for restrictive immigration policy. Results show that at the individual level, along with xenophobic tendency, personal financial insecurity, unequal material distribution in society, and sociotropic economic concern all significantly predict the outcome. As a theoretical contribution, contextual effects are also reported: living in a subnational region with more national pride and with higher parochialism is positively associated with it.
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