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Ovarian Function Preservation in Patients With Cervical Cancer Undergoing Hysterectomy and Ovarian Transposition Before Pelvic Radiotherapy
- Ovarian Function Preservation in Patients With Cervical Cancer Undergoing Hysterectomy and Ovarian Transposition Before Pelvic Radiotherapy
- Jung, Wonguen; Kim, Yun H.; Kim, Kyung S.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- TECHNOLOGY IN CANCER RESEARCH & TREATMENT
- TECHNOLOGY IN CANCER RESEARCH & TREATMENT vol. 20
- ovarian transposition; ovarian function; ovarian preservation; cervical cancer; radiotherapy
- SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- To examine the factors associated with ovarian failure (OF) and assess the effectiveness of ovarian transposition (OT) before pelvic irradiation for preserving ovarian function in patients with cervical cancer (CC) undergoing hysterectomy. During 2003 to 2017, patients who underwent hysterectomy with preservation of one or both ovaries were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were divided into 4 groups, depending on whether radiotherapy (RT) and OT were performed: group 1, RT(+) and OT(+); group 2, RT(+) and OT(-); group 3, RT(-) and OT(+); group 4, RT(-) and OT(-). OF was defined as serum follicle-stimulating hormone levels of >= 30 mIU/mL. Sixty-six patients (59 [89.4%] invasive CC and 7 [10.6%] cervical intraepithelial neoplasia) were included. The 2-year OF-free survival rate was 61.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 37.8-86.0), 0%, 91.7% (95% CI 76.0-100), and 75.8% (95% CI 58.2-93.4) for groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. In groups 1 and 2 receiving RT, OT, and combination of external beam radiotherapy and vaginal brachytherapy were associated with OF on multivariate analysis (MVA) (P-value = .002 and .046, respectively). In groups 3 and 4 without RT, older age (40 years old) and OT did not affect OF; however, the number of remaining ovaries was independently associated with OF in MVA (P = .035). OT could effectively preserve ovarian function in patients treated with adjuvant RT, while OT procedure itself did not affect ovarian failure. OT should be considered in the management of premenopausal cervical cancer patients.
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