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Determinants of presidential approval ratings: Cross-country analyses with reference to Latin America

Title
Determinants of presidential approval ratings: Cross-country analyses with reference to Latin America
Authors
Jung J.W.Oh J.
Ewha Authors
오진환
SCOPUS Author ID
오진환scopus
Issue Date
2020
Journal Title
International Area Studies Review
ISSN
2233-8659JCR Link
Citation
International Area Studies Review vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 251 - 267
Keywords
determinantsLatin Americapanel dataPresidential approvalregression analyses
Publisher
SAGE Publications Ltd
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Despite a conventional belief that prosperity boosts presidential popularity, research on the effect of economic and political factors on presidential popularity shows wide variation. What are the main contributing factors when people evaluate their political leaders? How do economic conditions and perception of corruption influence people’s evaluations of their political leaders? Using comprehensive, up-to-date panel data covering 20 countries, mostly from Latin America, and also including South Korea and the United States, from 1988 to 2016, this study shows that the effect of gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate and unemployment rate are strong throughout the period considered. From the year 2000, inflation and perception of corruption become significant. In highly corrupt countries, however, the significance of corruption becomes more salient, together with GDP growth rate and unemployment rate, as citizens of these countries begin to evaluate their leaders in terms of their determination to address these problems. In countries with low approval ratings, voters generally weigh GDP growth rate more heavily. © The Author(s) 2019.
DOI
10.1177/2233865919888373
Appears in Collections:
국제대학원 > 국제학과 > Journal papers
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