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Redistributive effects of fiscal policies in Mexico: Corrections for top income measurement problems

Title
Redistributive effects of fiscal policies in Mexico: Corrections for top income measurement problems
Authors
Hlasny V.
Ewha Authors
Vladimir Hlasny
SCOPUS Author ID
Vladimir Hlasnyscopus
Issue Date
2021
Journal Title
Latin American Policy
ISSN
2041-7365JCR Link
Citation
Latin American Policy vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 148 - 180
Keywords
ENIGHfiscal incidenceMexicoredistributiontop-income measurement problems
Publisher
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
This article assesses the redistributive effects of fiscal instruments in Mexico in 2010–2014, correcting for top-income measurement problems. Two correction methods are applied—survey-sample reweighting for households' nonresponse probability and replacing of top incomes using smooth Pareto distributions—to reestimate the effects of pensions, transfers, taxes, and subsidies. These corrections yield higher inequality measures, consistent between the reweighting and replacing methods. Taxable income shows the highest inequality and undergoes the highest upward correction for top-income problems, whereas nontaxable income is strongly equalizing. Contributory pensions are inequality-neutral, while transfers, taxes, and subsidies are equalizing. In-kind transfers, cash-like transfers, and direct taxes have the strongest equalizing effects. Top-income measurement challenges retain their magnitude across years 2010, 2012, and 2014, but household nonresponse becomes more positively selected, causing greater biases in later years. © 2021 The Authors. Latin American Policy published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Policy Studies Organisation.
DOI
10.1111/lamp.12206
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 경제학전공 > Journal papers
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