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Trump power: Maximum pressure and China's sanctions enforcement against North Korea

Title
Trump power: Maximum pressure and China's sanctions enforcement against North Korea
Authors
Kim, Inhan
Ewha Authors
김인한
SCOPUS Author ID
김인한scopus
Issue Date
2020
Journal Title
PACIFIC REVIEW
ISSN
0951-2748JCR Link

1470-1332JCR Link
Citation
PACIFIC REVIEW vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 96 - 124
Keywords
SanctionsChinaNorth Koreathe United Statesstrategic patiencemaximum pressure
Publisher
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR &

FRANCIS LTD
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
China has started choking off the flow of financial resources entering North Korea by blocking North Korea's export of natural resources and other industrial products since early 2017. What has pushed Beijing to enforce sanctions strictly, in contrast with its loose administration of sanctions in the past? By employing principal-agent theory, this article shows that Beijing's conformity to sanctions depends on China's own need and the degree of pressure from Washington for sanctions enforcement. Until the end of the Obama administration, China did not act meaningfully for sanctions enforcement, as the pressure from Washington was weak and North Korea's nuclear capabilities remained limited. Now, international contexts have dramatically changed. Beijing feels a need to discipline Pyongyang with sanctions as Pyongyang has become a de facto nuclear weapon state. The new Trump administration in Washington has also pushed Beijing to do more to rein in Pyongyang's weapon programs.
DOI
10.1080/09512748.2018.1549589
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 정치외교학전공 > Journal papers
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