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Positive fecal occult blood test is a predictive factor for gastrointestinal bleeding after capsule endoscopy in patients with unexplained iron deficiency anemia: A korean multicenter CAPENTRY study

Title
Positive fecal occult blood test is a predictive factor for gastrointestinal bleeding after capsule endoscopy in patients with unexplained iron deficiency anemia: A korean multicenter CAPENTRY study
Authors
Chang J.Y.Moon C.M.Shim K.-N.Cheung D.Y.Lee H.S.Lim Y.J.Jeon S.R.Park S.J.Kim K.O.Song H.J.Jang H.J.Kim J.H.
Ewha Authors
심기남
SCOPUS Author ID
심기남scopus
Issue Date
2020
Journal Title
Clinical Endoscopy
ISSN
2234-2400JCR Link
Citation
Clinical Endoscopy vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 719 - 726
Keywords
Capsule endoscopyFecal occult blood testGastrointestinal bleedingIron deficiency anemiaPredictive factors
Publisher
Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Background/Aims: Capsule endoscopy (CE) is recommended as the primary method for the evaluation of unexplained anemia. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic yield of CE in patients with unexplained iron deficiency anemia (IDA) without overt bleeding, and to evaluate their long-term outcomes and related clinical factors. Methods: Data of patients who underwent CE for the evaluation of IDA were reviewed from a CE registry in Korea. Additional clinical data were collected by the involved investigators of each hospital through a review of medical records. Results: Among a total of 144 patients, the diagnostic yield of CE was 34%. Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding was found in 6.3% (n=9) of the patients (occult bleeding in four patients and overt bleeding in five patients) during a mean follow-up of 17.8 months. Patients with a positive fecal occult blood test (FOBT) result at the initial diagnosis had a higher rate of GI bleeding after CE (p=0.004). In addition, a positive FOBT result was the only independent predictive factor for GI bleeding (hazard ratio, 5.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.41-19.85; p=0.013). Conclusions: Positive FOBT is a predictive factor for GI bleeding during follow-up after CE in patients with unexplained IDA without overt bleeding. Thus, patients with positive FOBT need to be more closely followed up. Copyright © 2020 Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.
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DOI
10.5946/CE.2019.149
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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