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Human Status Criteria: Sex Differences and Similarities Across 14 Nations

Title
Human Status Criteria: Sex Differences and Similarities Across 14 Nations
Authors
Buss, David M.Durkee, Patrick K.Shackelford, Todd K.Bowdle, Brian F.Schmitt, David P.Brase, Gary L.Choe, Jae C.Trofimova, Irina
Ewha Authors
최재천
SCOPUS Author ID
최재천scopus
Issue Date
2020
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN
0022-3514JCR Link

1939-1315JCR Link
Citation
JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY vol. 119, no. 5, pp. 979 - 998
Keywords
evolutioncross culturalhierarchysex differencesstatus
Publisher
AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Social status is a central and universal feature of our highly social species. Reproductively relevant resources, including food, territory, mating opportunities, powerful coalitional alliances, and group-provided health care, flow to those high in status and trickle only slowly to those low in status. Despite its importance and centrality to human social group living, the scientific understanding of status contains a large gap in knowledge-the precise criteria by which individuals are accorded high or low status in the eyes of their group members. It is not known whether there exist universal status criteria, nor the degree to which status criteria vary across cultures. Also unknown is whether status criteria are sex differentiated, and the degree of cross-cultural variability and consistency of sex-differentiated status criteria. The current article investigates status criteria across 14 countries (N = 2,751). Results provide the first systematic documentation of potentially universal and sex-differentiated status criteria. Discussion outlines important next steps in understanding the psychology of status.
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DOI
10.1037/pspa0000206
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자연과학대학 > 생명과학전공 > Journal papers
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