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Feasibility and accuracy of a novel automated three-dimensional ultrasonographic analysis system for abdominal aortic aneurysm: comparison with two-dimensional ultrasonography and computed tomography
- Feasibility and accuracy of a novel automated three-dimensional ultrasonographic analysis system for abdominal aortic aneurysm: comparison with two-dimensional ultrasonography and computed tomography
- Cho, In-Jeong; Lee, Jinyong; Park, Jinki; Lee, Sang-Eun; Ahn, Chul-Min; Ko, Young-Guk; Choi, Donghoon; Chang, Hyuk-Jae
- Ewha Authors
- 조인정; 이상은
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND
- CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND vol. 18, no. 1
- Three-dimensional imaging; Abdominal aortic aneurysm; Software validation
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
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- Background Accurate measurement of the maximum aortic diameter (Dmax) is crucial for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Aortic computed tomography (CT) provides accurate Dmax values by three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction but may cause nephrotoxicity because of contrast use and radiation hazard. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of a novel semi-automated 3-D ultrasonography (3-D US) system compared with that of CT as a reference. Methods Patients with AAA (n = 59) or individuals with normal aorta (n = 18) were prospectively recruited in an outpatient setting. Two-dimensional ultrasonography (2-D US) and 3-D US images were acquired with a single-sweep volumetric transducer. The analysis was performed offline with a software. Dmax and the vessel area of the Dmax slice were measured with 2-D US, 3-D US, and CT. The lumen and thrombus areas of the Dmax slice were also measured in 40 patients with intraluminal thrombus. Vessel and thrombus volumes were measured using 3-D US and CT. Results The Dmax values from 3-D US demonstrated better agreement (R-2 = 0.984) with the CT values than with the 2-D US values (R-2 = 0.938). Overall, 2-D US underestimated Dmax compared with 3-D US (32.3 +/- 12.1 mm vs. 35.1 +/- 12.0 mm). The Bland-Altman analysis of the 3-D US values, revealed better agreement with the CT values (2 standard deviations [SD], 2.9 mm) than with the 2-D US values (2 SD, 5.4 mm). The vessel, lumen, and thrombus areas all demonstrated better agreement with CT than with 2-D US (R-2 = 0.986 vs. 0.960 for the vessel,R-2 = 0.891 vs. 0.837 for the lumen, andR(2) = 0.977 vs. 0.872 for the thrombus). The thrombus volume assessed with 3-D US showed good correlation with the CT value (R-2 = 0.981 and 2 SD in the Bland-Altman analysis: 13.6 cm(3)). Conclusions Our novel semi-automated 3-D US analysis system provides more accurate Dmax values than 2-D US and provides precise volumetric data, which were not evaluable with 2-D US. The application of the semi-automated 3-D US analysis system in abdominal aorta assessment is easy and accurate.
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