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|dc.description.abstract||Recent data suggested a causative role of uric acid (UA) in the development of renal disease, in which endothelial dysfunction is regarded as the key mechanism. Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) and shedding of the glycocalyx are early changes of endothelial dysfunction. We investigated whether UA induced EndoMT in HUVECs and an animal model of hyperuricemia fed with 2% oxonic acid for 4 wk. UA induced EndoMT in HUVECs with a generation of reactive oxygen species via the activation of membranous NADPH oxidase (from 15 min) and mitochondria (from 6 h) along with glycocalyx shedding (from 6 h), which were blocked by probenecid. GM6001, an inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase, alleviated UA-induced glycocalyx shedding and EndoMT. Antioxidants including N-acetyl cysteine, apocynin, and mitotempo ameliorated EndoMT; however, they did not change glycocalyx shedding in HUVECs. In the kidney of hyperuricemic rats, endothelial staining in peritubular capillaries (PTCs) was substantially decreased with a de novo expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin in PTCs. Plasma level of syndecan-1 was increased in hyperuricemic rats, which was ameliorated by allopurinol. UA caused a phenotypic transition of endothelial cells via induction of oxidative stress with glycocalyx shedding, which could be one of the mechanisms of UA-induced endothelial dysfunction and kidney disease.||-|
|dc.publisher||FEDERATION AMER SOC EXP BIOL||-|
|dc.subject||reactive oxygen species||-|
|dc.title||Uric acid induced the phenotype transition of vascular endothelial cells via induction of oxidative stress and glycocalyx shedding||-|
|dc.author.google||Johnson, Richard J.||-|
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