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GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence

Title
GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence
Authors
Abbott, B. P.Abbott, R.Abbott, T. D.Abernathy, M. R.Acernese, F.Ackley, K.Adams, C.Adams, T.Addesso, P.Adhikari, R. X.Adya, V. B.Affeldt, C.Agathos, M.Agatsuma, K.Aggarwal, N.Aguiar, O. D.Aiello, L.Ain, A.Ajith, P.Allen, B.Allocca, A.Altin, P. A.Anderson, S. B.Anderson, W. G.Arai, K.Araya, M. C.Arceneaux, C. C.Areeda, J. S.Arnaud, N.Arun, K. G.Ascenzi, S.Ashton, G.Ast, M.Aston, S. M.Astone, P.Aufmuth, P.Aulbert, C.Babak, S.Bacon, P.Bader, M. K. M.Baker, P. T.Baldaccini, F.Ballardin, G.Ballmer, S. W.Barayoga, J. C.Barclay, S. E.Barish, B. C.Barker, D.Barone, F.Barr, B.Barsotti, L.Barsuglia, M.Barta, D.Bartlett, J.Bartos, I.Bassiri, R.Basti, A.Batch, J. C.Baune, C.Bavigadda, V.Bazzan, M.Bejger, M.Bell, A. S.Berger, B. K.Bergmann, G.Berry, C. P. L.Bersanetti, D.Bertolini, A.Betzwieser, J.Bhagwat, S.Bhandare, R.Bilenko, I. A.Billingsley, G.Birch, J.Birney, R.Birnholtz, O.Biscans, S.Bisht, A.Bitossi, M.Biwer, C.Bizouard, M. A.Blackburn, J. K.Blair, C. D.Blair, D. G.Blair, R. M.Bloemen, S.Bock, O.Boer, M.Bogaert, G.Bogan, C.Bohe, A.Bond, C.Bondu, F.Bonnand, R.Boom, B. A.Bork, R.Boschi, V.Bose, S.Bouffanais, Y.Bozzi, A.Bradaschia, C.Brady, P. R.Braginsky, V. B.Branchesi, M.Brau, J. E.Briant, T.Brillet, A.Brinkmann, M.Brisson, V.Brockill, P.Broida, J. E.Brooks, A. F.Brown, D. A.Brown, D. D.Brown, N. M.Brunett, S.Buchanan, C. C.Buikema, A.Bulik, T.Bulten, H. J.Buonanno, A.Buskulic, D.Buy, C.Byer, R. L.Cabero, M.Cadonati, L.Cagnoli, G.Cahillane, C.Bustillo, J. CalderonCallister, T.Calloni, E.Camp, J. B.Cannon, K. C.Cao, J.Capano, C. D.Capocasa, E.Carbognani, F.Caride, S.Diaz, J. CasanuevaCasentini, C.Caudill, S.Cavaglia, M.Cavalier, F.Cavalieri, R.Cella, G.Cepeda, C. B.Baiardi, L. CerboniCerretani, G.Cesarini, E.Chamberlin, S. J.Chan, M.Chao, S.Charlton, P.Chassande-Mottin, E.Cheeseboro, B. D.Chen, H. Y.Chen, Y.Cheng, C.Chincarini, A.Chiummo, A.Cho, H. S.Cho, M.Chow, J. H.Christensen, N.Chu, Q.Chua, S.Chung, S.Ciani, G.Clara, F.Clark, J. A.Cleva, F.Coccia, E.Cohadon, P. -F.Colla, A.Collette, C. G.Cominsky, L.Constancio, M., Jr.Conte, A.Conti, L.Cook, D.Corbitt, T. R.Cornish, N.Corsi, A.Cortese, S.Costa, C. A.Coughlin, M. W.Coughlin, S. B.Coulon, J. -P.Countryman, S. T.Couvares, P.Cowan, E. E.Coward, D. M.Cowart, M. J.Coyne, D. C.Coyne, R.Craig, K.Creighton, J. D. E.Cripe, J.Crowder, S. G.Cumming, A.Cunningham, L.Cuoco, E.Dal Canton, T.Danilishin, S. L.D'Antonio, S.Danzmann, K.Darman, N. S.Dasgupta, A.Costa, C. F. Da SilvaDattilo, V.Dave, I.Davier, M.Davies, G. S.Daw, E. J.Day, R.De, S.Debra, D.Debreczeni, G.Degallaix, J.De laurentis, M.Deleglise, S.Del Pozzo, W.Denker, T.Dent, T.Dergachev, V.De Rosa, R.DeRosa, R. T.DeSalvo, R.Devine, R. C.Dhurandhar, S.Diaz, M. C.Di Fiore, L.Di Giovanni, M.Di Girolamo, T.Di Lieto, A.Di Pace, S.Di Palma, I.Di Virgilio, A.Dolique, V.Donovan, F.Dooley, K. L.Doravari, S.Douglas, R.Downes, T. P.Drago, M.Drever, R. W. P.Driggers, J. C.Ducrot, M.Dwyer, S. E.Edo, T. B.Edwards, M. C.Effler, A.Eggenstein, H. -B.Ehrens, P.Eichholz, J.Eikenberry, S. S.Engels, W.Essick, R. C.Etzel, T.Evans, M.Evans, T. M.Everett, R.Factourovich, M.Fafone, V.Fair, H.Fairhurst, S.Fan, X.Fang, Q.Farinon, S.Farr, B.Farr, W. M.Favata, M.Fays, M.Fehrmann, H.Fejer, M. M.Fenyvesi, E.Ferrante, I.Ferreira, E. C.Ferrini, F.Fidecaro, F.Fiori, I.Fiorucci, D.Fisher, R. P.Flaminio, R.Fletcher, M.Fong, H.Fournier, J. -D.Frasca, S.Frasconi, F.Frei, Z.Freise, A.Frey, R.Frey, V.Fritschel, P.Frolov, V. V.Fulda, P.Fyffe, M.Gabbard, H. A. G.Gair, J. R.Gammaitoni, L.Gaonkar, S. G.Garufi, F.Gaur, G.Gehrels, N.Gemme, G.Geng, P.Genin, E.Gennai, A.George, J.Gergely, L.Germain, V.Ghosh, AbhirupGhosh, ArchismanGhosh, S.Giaime, J. A.Giardina, K. D.Giazotto, A.Gill, K.Glaefke, A.Goetz, E.Goetz, R.Gondan, L.Gonzalez, G.Castro, J. M. GonzalezGopakumar, A.Gordon, N. A.Gorodetsky, M. L.Gossan, S. E.Gosselin, M.Gouaty, R.Grado, A.Graef, C.Graff, P. B.Granata, M.Grant, A.Gras, S.Gray, C.Greco, G.Green, A. C.Groot, P.Grote, H.Grunewald, S.Guidi, G. M.Guo, X.Gupta, A.Gupta, M. K.Gushwa, K. E.Gustafson, E. K.Gustafson, R.Hacker, J. J.Hall, B. R.Hall, E. D.Hamilton, H.Hammond, G.Haney, M.Hanke, M. M.Hanks, J.Hanna, C.Hannam, M. D.Hanson, J.Hardwick, T.Harms, J.Harry, G. M.Harry, I. W.Hart, M. J.Hartman, M. T.Haster, C. -J.Haughian, K.Healy, J.Heidmann, A.Heintze, M. C.Heitmann, H.Hello, P.Hemming, G.Hendry, M.Heng, I. S.Hennig, J.Henry, J.Heptonstall, A. W.Heurs, M.Hild, S.Hoak, D.Hofman, D.Holt, K.Holz, D. E.Hopkins, P.Hough, J.Houston, E. A.Howell, E. J.Hu, Y. M.Huang, S.Huerta, E. A.Huet, D.Hughey, B.Husa, S.Huttner, S. H.Huynh-Dinh, T.Indik, N.Ingram, D. R.Inta, R.Isa, H. N.Isac, J. -M.Isi, M.Isogai, T.Iyer, B. R.Izumi, K.Jacqmin, T.Jang, H.Jani, K.Jaranowski, P.Jawahar, S.Jian, L.Jimenez-Forteza, F.Johnson, W. W.Johnson-McDaniel, N. K.Jones, D. I.Jones, R.Jonker, R. J. G.Ju, L.Haris, K.Kalaghatgi, C. V.Kalogera, V.Kandhasamy, S.Kang, G.Kanner, J. B.Kapadia, S. J.Karki, S.Karvinen, K. S.Kasprzack, M.Katsavounidis, E.Katzman, W.Kaufer, S.Kaur, T.Kawabe, K.Kefelian, F.Kehl, M. S.Keitel, D.Kelley, D. B.Kells, W.Kennedy, R.Key, J. S.Khalili, F. Y.Khan, I.Khan, S.Khan, Z.Khazanov, E. A.Kijbunchoo, N.Kim, Chi-WoongKim, ChungleeKim, J.Kim, K.Kim, N.Kim, W.Kim, Y. -M.Kimbrell, S. J.King, E. J.King, P. J.Kissel, J. S.Klein, B.Kleybolte, L.Klimenko, S.Koehlenbeck, S. M.Koley, S.Kondrashov, V.Kontos, A.Korobko, M.Korth, W. Z.Kowalska, I.Kozak, D. B.Kringel, V.Krishnan, B.Krolak, A.Krueger, C.Kuehn, G.Kumar, P.Kumar, R.Kuo, L.Kutynia, A.Lackey, B. D.Landry, M.Lange, J.Lantz, B.Lasky, P. D.Laxen, M.Lazzarini, A.Lazzaro, C.Leaci, P.Leavey, S.Lebigot, E. O.Lee, C. H.Lee, H. K.Lee, H. M.Lee, K.Lenon, A.Leonardi, M.Leong, J. R.Leroy, N.Letendre, N.Levin, Y.Lewis, J. B.Li, T. G. F.Libson, A.Littenberg, T. B.Lockerbie, N. A.Lombardi, A. L.London, L. T.Lord, J. E.Lorenzini, M.Loriette, V.Lormand, M.Losurdo, G.Lough, J. D.Lousto, C. O.Lueck, H.Lundgren, A. P.Lynch, R.Ma, Y.Machenschalk, B.MacInnis, M.Macleod, D. M.Magana-Sandoval, F.Zertuche, L. MaganaMagee, R. M.Majorana, E.Maksimovic, I.Malvezzi, V.Man, N.Mandel, I.Mandic, V.Mangano, V.Mansell, G. L.Manske, M.Mantovani, M.Marchesoni, F.Marion, F.Marka, S.Marka, Z.Markosyan, A. S.Maros, E.Martelli, F.Martellini, L.Martin, I. W.Martynov, D. V.Marx, J. N.Mason, K.Masserot, A.Massinger, T. J.Masso-Reid, M.Mastrogiovanni, S.Matichard, F.Matone, L.Mavalvala, N.Mazumder, N.McCarthy, R.McClelland, D. E.McCormick, S.McGuire, S. C.McIntyre, G.McIver, J.McManus, D. J.Mcrae, T.McWilliams, S. T.Meacher, D.Meadors, G. D.Meidam, J.Melatos, A.Mendell, G.Mercer, R. A.Merilh, E. L.Merzougui, M.Meshkov, S.Messenger, C.Messick, C.Metzdorff, R.Meyers, P. M.Mezzani, F.Miao, H.Michel, C.Middleton, H.Mikhailov, E. E.Milano, L.Miller, A. L.Miller, A.Miller, B. B.Miller, J.Millhouse, M.Minenkov, Y.Ming, J.Mirshekari, S.Mishra, C.Mitra, S.Mitrofanov, V. P.Mitselmakher, G.Mittleman, R.Moggi, A.Mohan, M.Mohapatra, S. R. P.Montani, M.Moore, B. C.Moore, C. J.Moraru, D.Moreno, G.Morriss, S. R.Mossavi, K.Mours, B.Mow-Lowry, C. M.Mueller, G.Muir, A. W.Mukherjee, ArunavaMukherjee, D.Mukherjee, S.Mukund, N.Mullavey, A.Munch, J.Murphy, D. J.Murray, P. G.Mytidis, A.Nardecchia, I.Naticchioni, L.Nayak, R. K.Nedkova, K.Nelemans, G.Nelson, T. J. N.Neri, M.Neunzert, A.Newton, G.Nguyen, T. T.Nielsen, A. B.Nissanke, S.Nitz, A.Nocera, F.Nolting, D.Normandin, M. E. N.Nuttall, L. K.Oberling, J.Ochsner, E.O'Dell, J.Oelker, E.Ogin, G. H.Oh, J. J.Oh, S. H.Ohme, F.Oliver, M.Oppermann, P.Oram, Richard J.O'Reilly, B.O'Shaughnessy, R.Ottaway, D. J.Overmier, H.Owen, B. J.Pai, A.Pai, S. A.Palamos, J. R.Palashov, O.Palomba, C.Pal-Singh, A.Pan, H.Pankow, C.Pannarale, F.Pant, B. C.Paoletti, F.Paoli, A.Papa, M. A.Paris, H. R.Parker, W.Pascucci, D.Pasqualetti, A.Passaquieti, R.Passuello, D.Patricelli, B.Patrick, Z.Pearlstone, B. L.Pedraza, M.Pedurand, R.Pekowsky, L.Pele, A.Penn, S.Perreca, A.Perri, L. M.Pfeiffer, H. P.Phelps, M.Piccinni, O. J.Pichot, M.Piergiovanni, F.Pierro, V.Pillant, G.Pinard, L.Pinto, I. M.Pitkin, M.Poe, M.Poggiani, R.Popolizio, P.Post, A.Powell, J.Prasad, J.Predoi, V.Prestegard, T.Price, L. R.Prijatelj, M.Principe, M.Privitera, S.Prix, R.Prodi, G. A.Prokhorov, L.Puncken, O.Punturo, M.Puppo, P.Puerrer, M.Qi, H.Qin, J.Qiu, S.Quetschke, V.Quintero, E. A.Quitzow-James, R.Raab, F. J.Rabeling, D. S.Radkins, H.Raffai, P.Raja, S.Rajan, C.Rakhmanov, M.Rapagnani, P.Raymond, V.Razzano, M.Re, V.Read, J.Reed, C. M.Regimbau, T.Rei, L.Reid, S.Reitze, D. H.Rew, H.Reyes, S. D.Ricci, F.Riles, K.Rizzo, M.Robertson, N. A.Robie, R.Robinet, F.Rocchi, A.Rolland, L.Rollins, J. G.Roma, V. J.Romano, J. D.Romano, R.Romanov, G.Romie, J. H.Rosinska, D.Rowan, S.Ruediger, A.Ruggi, P.Ryan, K.Sachdev, S.Sadecki, T.Sadeghian, L.Sakellariadou, M.Salconi, L.Saleem, M.Salemi, F.Samajdar, A.Sammut, L.Sanchez, E. J.Sandberg, V.Sandeen, B.Sanders, J. R.Sassolas, B.Sathyaprakash, B. S.Saulson, P. R.Sauter, O. E. S.Savage, R. L.Sawadsky, A.Schale, P.Schilling, R.Schmidt, J.Schmidt, P.Schnabel, R.Schofield, R. M. S.Schoenbeck, A.Schreiber, E.Schuette, D.Schutz, B. F.Scott, J.Scott, S. M.Sellers, D.Sengupta, A. S.Sentenac, D.Sequino, V.Sergeev, A.Setyawati, Y.Shaddock, D. A.Shaffer, T.Shahriar, M. S.Shaltev, M.Shapiro, B.Shawhan, P.Sheperd, A.Shoemaker, D. H.Shoemaker, D. M.Siellez, K.Siemens, X.Sieniawska, M.Sigg, D.Silva, A. D.Singer, A.Singer, L. P.Singh, A.Singh, R.Singhal, A.Sintes, A. M.Slagmolen, B. J. J.Smith, J. R.Smith, N. D.Smith, R. J. E.Son, E. J.Sorazu, B.Sorrentino, F.Souradeep, T.Srivastava, A. K.Staley, A.Steinke, M.Steinlechner, J.Steinlechner, S.Steinmeyer, D.Stephens, B. C.Stevenson, S. P.Stone, R.Strain, K. A.Straniero, N.Stratta, G.Strauss, N. A.Strigin, S.Sturani, R.Stuver, A. L.Summerscales, T. Z.Sun, L.Sunil, S.Sutton, P. J.Swinkels, B. L.Szczepanczyk, M. J.Tacca, M.Talukder, D.Tanner, D. B.Tapai, M.Tarabrin, S. P.Taracchini, A.Taylor, R.Theeg, T.Thirugnanasambandam, M. P.Thomas, E. G.Thomas, M.Thomas, P.Thorne, K. A.Thrane, E.Tiwari, S.Tiwari, V.Tokmakov, K. V.Toland, K.Tomlinson, C.Tonelli, M.Tornasi, Z.Torres, C. V.Torrie, C. I.Toyra, D.Travasso, F.Traylor, G.Trifiro, D.Tringali, M. C.Trozzo, L.Tse, M.Turconi, M.Tuyenbayev, D.Ugolini, D.Unnikrishnan, C. S.Urban, A. L.Usman, S. A.Vahlbruch, H.Vajente, G.Valdes, G.Vallisneri, M.van Bakel, N.van Beuzekom, M.van den Brand, J. F. J.Van den Broeck, C.Vander-Hyde, D. C.van der Schaaf, L.van Heijningen, J. V.van Veggel, A. A.Vardaro, M.Vass, S.Vasuth, M.Vaulin, R.Vecchio, A.Vedovato, G.Veitch, J.Veitch, P. J.Venkateswara, K.Verkindt, D.Vetrano, F.Vicere, A.Vinciguerra, S.Vine, D. J.Vinet, J. -Y.Vitale, S.Vo, T.Vocca, H.Vorvick, C.Voss, D. V.Vousden, W. D.Vyatchanin, S. P.Wade, A. R.Wade, L. E.Wade, M.Walker, M.Wallace, L.Walsh, S.Wang, G.Wang, H.Wang, M.Wang, X.Wang, Y.Ward, R. L.Warner, J.Was, M.Weaver, B.Wei, L. -W.Weinert, M.Weinstein, A. J.Weiss, R.Wen, L.Wessels, P.Westphal, T.Wette, K.Whelan, J. T.Whiting, B. F.Williams, R. D.Williamson, A. R.Willis, J. L.Willke, B.Wimmer, M. H.Winkler, W.Wipf, C. C.Wittel, H.Woan, G.Woehler, J.Worden, J.Wright, J. L.Wu, D. S.Wu, G.Yablon, J.Yam, W.Yamamoto, H.Yancey, C. C.Yu, H.Yvert, M.Zadrozny, A.Zangrando, L.Zanolin, M.Zendri, J. -P.Zevin, M.Zhang, L.Zhang, M.Zhang, Y.Zhao, C.Zhou, M.Zhou, Z.Zhu, X. J.Zucker, M. E.Zuraw, S. E.Zweizig, J.Boyle, M.Hemberger, D.Kidder, L. E.Lovelace, G.Ossokine, S.Scheel, M.Szilagyi, B.Teukolsky, S.LIGO Sci CollaborationVirgo Collaboration
Ewha Authors
김정리
SCOPUS Author ID
김정리scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
ISSN
0031-9007JCR Link

1079-7114JCR Link
Citation
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS vol. 116, no. 24
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
We report the observation of a gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar-mass black holes. The signal, GW151226, was observed by the twin detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) on December 26, 2015 at 03: 38: 53 UTC. The signal was initially identified within 70 s by an online matched-filter search targeting binary coalescences. Subsequent off-line analyses recovered GW151226 with a network signal-to-noise ratio of 13 and a significance greater than 5 sigma. The signal persisted in the LIGO frequency band for approximately 1 s, increasing in frequency and amplitude over about 55 cycles from 35 to 450 Hz, and reached a peak gravitational strain of 3.4(-0.9)(+0.7) x 10(-22). The inferred source-frame initial black hole masses are 14.2(-3.7)(+8.3) M-circle dot and 7.5(-2.3)(+2.3) M-circle dot, and the final black hole mass is 20.8(-1.7)(+6.1) M-circle dot. We find that at least one of the component black holes has spin greater than 0.2. This source is located at a luminosity distance of 440(-190)(+180) Mpc corresponding to a redshift of 0.09(-0.04)(+0.03). All uncertainties define a 90% credible interval. This second gravitational-wave observation provides improved constraints on stellar populations and on deviations from general relativity.
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DOI
10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.241103
Appears in Collections:
자연과학대학 > 물리학전공 > Journal papers
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