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Antiepileptic effects of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation by different stimulation durations and locations

Antiepileptic effects of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation by different stimulation durations and locations
Joo E.Y.Han S.J.Chung S.-H.Cho J.-W.Seo D.W.Hong S.B.
Ewha Authors
Issue Date
Journal Title
Clinical Neurophysiology
1388-2457JCR Link
Clinical Neurophysiology vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 702 - 708
Document Type
Objective: To evaluate the antiepileptic effect of low-frequency rTMS (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation) in the patients with intractable epilepsy. Methods: We enrolled 35 patients with localization-related epilepsy who had experienced at least one complex partial seizure or a secondarily generalized seizure per week on a constant antiepileptic drug regimen over an 8-week period. rTMS was administered using a Rapid 2 magnetic stimulator with an air-cooled coil at 0.5 Hz for 5 consecutive days at 100% of rMT (resting motor threshold). Patients were divided into a focal stimulation group with a localized epileptic focus, or a non-focal stimulation group with a non-localized or multifocal epileptic focus. These two groups were then randomly subdivided into four subgroups depending on the total number of stimulations administered, i.e., 3000 pulse and 1500 pulse subgroups. Weekly seizure frequencies were determined for 8 weeks before and after rTMS. To compare the number of interictal spikes before and after rTMS, EEG was recorded twice before (1st day) and after rTMS (5th day). Results: Mean weekly seizure frequency was non-significantly decreased after rTMS (8.4 → 6.8/week, -13.9%). Longer stimulation subgroups (3000 pulses, -23.0%) tended to have fewer seizures than shorter stimulation subgroups (1500 pulses, -3.0%), without statistical significance. TMS stimulation site and structural brain lesions did not influence seizure outcome. However, interictal spikes significantly decreased (-54.9%, P = 0.012) after rTMS and they totally disappeared in 6 patients (17.1%, 6/35). Conclusions: Low-frequency rTMS reduced interictal spikes, but its effect on seizure outcome was not significant. Focal stimulation for a longer duration tended to further reduce seizure frequency. Significance: These findings may help clinicians to further investigate the therapeutic potential of the rTMS for patients with intractable epilepsy. © 2006 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.
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