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Clinical investigation of 11 cases of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia reported in Korea

Clinical investigation of 11 cases of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia reported in Korea
Ka Eun WooJung Hyun ChangYoung Ah ChoiMi Soon JooKi Youl SeoTae Rim ShinSeon Hee CheonYoung Joo Cho
Ewha Authors
조영주scopus; 장중현scopus
Issue Date
Journal Title
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
0378-0066JCR Link
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 107 - 115
SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Background: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) presents with profound systemic symptoms, including fever, malaise, night sweats, weight loss, and anorexia together with localized pulmonary manifestations such as cough, wheeze, and sputum. It is an illness occurring predominantly in women. The chest radiograph shows fluffy opacities that often have a characteristic peripheral configuration. The hallmark of CEP is the peripheral blood eosinophilia and a prompt response to oral corticosteroid therapy. We investigated characteristics of eleven patients of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, reported in Korea. Method: There were eleven reports of CEP from 1980 to 1996, including three cases experienced in our hospital. The journals were analysed in respects of clinical history, laboratory, and radiographic findings. Results: 1) Male vs. female ratio is 3:8. The peak incidence occurred in forty and fifty decades. The atopic diseases were present in 6 cases. Asthma was the commonest manifestation. 2) The presenting symptoms were as follows: cough, dyspnea, sputum, weight loss, fever, general weakness, night sweats, urticaria with the descending incidence. 3) Peripheral blood eosinophilia was present in all patients (mean; 38.4%) and serum IgE level was elevated in nine patients (mean; 880IU/ml). Conclusion: The diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia is based on classic symptoms, including fever, night sweats, weight loss with a typical roentgenogram of peripheral pulmonary infiltrates and peripheral blood eosinophilia, and that is confined by lung biopsy and/or bronchoalveolar lavage. Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia is responsive to corticosteroid promptly and recommended at least 6 months of therapy to prevent relapse.
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