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Clinical investigation of 11 cases of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia reported in Korea
- Clinical investigation of 11 cases of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia reported in Korea
- Ka Eun Woo; Jung Hyun Chang; Young Ah Choi; Mi Soon Joo; Ki Youl Seo; Tae Rim Shin; Seon Hee Cheon; Young Joo Cho
- Ewha Authors
- 조영주; 장중현
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 조영주; 장중현
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
- Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 107 - 115
- Document Type
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- Background: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) presents with profound systemic symptoms, including fever, malaise, night sweats, weight loss, and anorexia together with localized pulmonary manifestations such as cough, wheeze, and sputum. It is an illness occurring predominantly in women. The chest radiograph shows fluffy opacities that often have a characteristic peripheral configuration. The hallmark of CEP is the peripheral blood eosinophilia and a prompt response to oral corticosteroid therapy. We investigated characteristics of eleven patients of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, reported in Korea. Method: There were eleven reports of CEP from 1980 to 1996, including three cases experienced in our hospital. The journals were analysed in respects of clinical history, laboratory, and radiographic findings. Results: 1) Male vs. female ratio is 3:8. The peak incidence occurred in forty and fifty decades. The atopic diseases were present in 6 cases. Asthma was the commonest manifestation. 2) The presenting symptoms were as follows: cough, dyspnea, sputum, weight loss, fever, general weakness, night sweats, urticaria with the descending incidence. 3) Peripheral blood eosinophilia was present in all patients (mean; 38.4%) and serum IgE level was elevated in nine patients (mean; 880IU/ml). Conclusion: The diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia is based on classic symptoms, including fever, night sweats, weight loss with a typical roentgenogram of peripheral pulmonary infiltrates and peripheral blood eosinophilia, and that is confined by lung biopsy and/or bronchoalveolar lavage. Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia is responsive to corticosteroid promptly and recommended at least 6 months of therapy to prevent relapse.
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