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A STAT6 Inhibitor AS1517499 Reduces Preventive Effects of Apoptotic Cell Instillation on Bleomycin-Induced Lung Fibrosis by Suppressing PPARy

Title
A STAT6 Inhibitor AS1517499 Reduces Preventive Effects of Apoptotic Cell Instillation on Bleomycin-Induced Lung Fibrosis by Suppressing PPARy
Authors
Kim, Myeong-JooLee, Ye-JiYoon, Young-SoLim, Jae H.Park, Eun-MiChong, Young H.Kang, Jihee L.
Ewha Authors
이지희정영해박은미임재향
SCOPUS Author ID
이지희scopus; 정영해scopus; 박은미scopus; 임재향scopus
Issue Date
2018
Journal Title
CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
ISSN
1015-8987JCR Link

1421-9778JCR Link
Citation
CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 1863 - 1877
Keywords
Stat6PPAR gammaApoptotic cellsMacrophagesLung fibrosis
Publisher
KARGER
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Background/Aims: The signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) transcription factor mediates PPAR gamma-regulated gene expression in macrophages. However, it remains largely unknown how proximal membrane signaling events initiated by apoptotic cell recognition upregulate PPAR gamma expression and activate the lung homeostatic program. Methods: The STAT6 inhibitor AS1517499 was used to determine the role of STAT6 in mediating PPAR gamma activity, anti-inflammatory effects, and anti-fibrotic effects induced by apoptotic cell instillation after bleomycin treatment into C57BL/6 mice. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, alveolar macrophages and lungs were harvested at days 2, 7, and 14 and then analyzed by real-time PCR, immunoblotting, ELISA, immunocytochemistry and immunohistochemistry assays. Results: Our data demonstrate that apoptotic cell instillation after bleomycin results in prolonged enhancement of STAT6 phosphorylation in alveolar macrophages and lung. Co-administration of the STAT6 inhibitor, AS1517499, reversed the enhanced PPAR gamma expression and activity induced by apoptotic cell instillation after bleomycin treatment. By reducing the expression of PPAR gamma target genes, including CD36, macrophage mannose receptor, and arginase 1, AS1517499 inhibited efferocytosis and restored pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, neutrophil recruitment, protein levels, hydroxyproline content, and expression of fibrosis markers, including type 1 collagen alpha 2, fibronectin, and alpha-smooth muscle actin. STAT6 inhibition reversed the expression profile of hepatocyte growth factor and interleukin-10. Conclusion: These results indicate that prolonged STAT6 activation following one-time apoptotic cell instillation facilitates continuous PPAR gamma activation, resulting in the resolution of bleomycin-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis. (C) 2018 The Author(s) Published by S Karger AG, Basel
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DOI
10.1159/000487877
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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