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|dc.description.abstract||Two new dinuclear iridium (Ir) complexes bridged by a conjugated aromatic tppz ligand, (bhq)(2)Ir(tppz)Ir(bhq)(2) (1) and (ppy)(2)Ir(tppz)Ir(ppy)(2) (2) (bhq = benzo(h)quinolone, ppy = phenyl-pyridine, tppz = tetrapyrido[ 3,2-a:2',3'-c:3 '',2 ''-h:2''',3'''-j] phenazine), were prepared. The DNA binding properties of complexes 1 and 2 were studied using single-stranded DNA, double-stranded DNA, and G-quadruplex DNA. G-Quadruplex binding was characterized by higher emission enhancements than those observed with other control DNA strands. Photophysical properties of complexes 1 and 2 indicated that 1 displayed selective G-quadruplex binding affinity, but 2 did not. The emission properties of complexes 1 and 2 were also studied using liposomes in order to understand their possible interactions with lipid-rich organelles in live cells. The phosphorescence intensity of 1 and 2 was enhanced upon interaction with liposomes, but 2 showed greater enhancement. We also confirmed that 1 and 2 could be used as probes in live cells. Complexes 1 and 2 were intensely stained in HeLa cervical cancer cells. Excitation with a lambda = 488 nm laser showed red emission localized in the cytosol of cells. Cellular studies showed that 1 and 2 were located inside HeLa cells, but neither complex passed through the nuclear membrane. However, complexes 1 and 2 possessed superior photostability, indicating their role as good luminescent agents for imaging and tracking the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in live cells. Overall, complex 1 exhibited better selectivity for G-quadruplexes, liposomes, and ER staining.||-|
|dc.publisher||ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY||-|
|dc.title||Diiridium(III) complexes: luminescent probes and sensors for G-quadruplex DNA and endoplasmic reticulum imaging||-|
|dc.relation.journaltitle||NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY||-|
|dc.author.google||Anjong, Tikum Florence||-|
|dc.author.google||Jang, Ha Yoon||-|
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