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Anisotropic pressure in strange quark matter in the presence of a strong magnetic field
- Anisotropic pressure in strange quark matter in the presence of a strong magnetic field
- Isayev A.A.; Yang J.
- Ewha Authors
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- Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
- Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics vol. 40, no. 3
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- The thermodynamic properties of strange quark matter in strong magnetic fields H up to 1020 G are considered within the MIT bag model at zero temperature implying the constraints of total baryon number conservation, charge neutrality and chemical equilibrium. The pressure anisotropy, exhibited in the difference between the pressures along and perpendicular to the field direction, becomes essential at H > Hth, with the estimate 10 17 < Hth ≲ 1018 G. The longitudinal pressure vanishes at the critical field Hc, which can be somewhat smaller or larger than 1018 G depending on the total baryon number density and bag pressure. As a result, longitudinal instability occurs in strange quark matter, which precludes: (1) a significant drop in the content of s quarks, which, otherwise could happen at H ∼ 1020 G; (2) the appearance of positrons in weak processes in a narrow interval near H ∼ 2 × 1019 G (replacing electrons). The occurrence of the longitudinal instability leaves the possibility only for electrons to reach a fully polarized state, while for all quark flavors the polarization remains mild even for fields near Hc. The anisotropic equation of state is determined under the conditions relevant to the interiors of magnetars. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.
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