View : 254 Download: 0
Obesity activates toll-like receptor-mediated proinflammatory signaling cascades in the adipose tissue of mice
- Obesity activates toll-like receptor-mediated proinflammatory signaling cascades in the adipose tissue of mice
- Kim S.-J.; Choi Y.; Choi Y.-H.; Park T.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
- Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 113 - 122
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Obesity is characterized by low-grade and chronic inflammation, a phenomenon explained with a new term, metaflammation. Recent studies suggest that adipocytes may play an important role in the physiological regulation of immune responses in fat deposits via toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling cascades. This study investigates the role of the visceral as well as subcutaneous adipose tissues in the development of metaflammation by characterizing the tissue-specific expression profiles of TLRs and downstream signaling molecules and explores the differential responsiveness of TLR-mediated proinflammatory signaling cascades to diet-induced obesity (DIO) and obesity induced by a leptin gene deficiency. The obesity that was induced by a high-fat diet or leptin deficiency up-regulated the expression of TLR1-9 and TLR11-13 in murine adipose tissues, a phenomenon linked with downstream nuclear factor κB, interferon regulatory factors, and STAT-1 activation, and up-regulated the expression of cytokines and chemokines via MyD88-dependent and MyD88-independent cascades. The extent of the obesity-induced up-regulation of most TLR genes and related proinflammatory signaling cascades was much greater in the epididymal adipose tissues than in the subcutaneous fat tissues of the mice with DIO. Furthermore, the magnitudes of the obesity-induced up-regulation of the TLR1, TLR4, TLR5, TLR8, TLR9, and TLR12 genes and most of the downstream signaling molecules and target cytokine genes in the visceral adipose tissue were greater in the DIO mice than in the ob/ob mice. These results suggest that TLRs and related proinflammatory signaling molecules that are overexpressed in enlarged adipose tissues may play an important role in the obesity-associated phenomenon of metaflammation. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
- Appears in Collections:
- 의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
- Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
- RIS (EndNote)
- XLS (Excel)
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.