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Prevalence and genotype distribution of cervical human papillomavirus DNA in Korean women: A multicenter study
- Prevalence and genotype distribution of cervical human papillomavirus DNA in Korean women: A multicenter study
- Hong S.R.; KiM I.S.; Kim D.W.; Kim M.J.; Kim A.R.; Kim Y.O.; Kim H.S.; Rha S.H.; Park G.S.; Park Y.K.; Park Y.W.; Park H.S.; Suh K.S.; Sohn J.H.; Shin M.K.; Oh H.K.; Yun K.J.; Yoon H.K.; Lee S.N.; Lee A.W.; Lee H.J.; Cho H.Y.; Choi C.; Jung W.W.
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- Korean Journal of Pathology
- Korean Journal of Pathology vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 342 - 350
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- Background: DNA prevalence and type distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) varies geographically. We investigated HPV prevalence and type distribution in Korean women using the MyHPV DNA chip testing. Methods: A total of 2,368 women from five regions of the country underwent Pap smear examination and MyHPV chip testing. Results: Overall HPV positivity was 15.8% and 78.4% in women with normal and abnormal cytology, respectively. Highrisk HPV infection was strongly correlated with cytological atypia. In women with abnormal cytology, the five most common HPV types were 16, 58, 18, 52, and 56/53, and HPV16 was significantly the most common type in most geographical regions. After HPV16, HPV58, and 52 were the next most frequently detected types. Women with normal cytology, in contrast, showed heterogeneity in HPV type distribution. High-grade intraepithelial lesions infected with HPV16, 18, 31 or 45 are more likely to progress to carcinoma. Conclusions: The HPV chip test can provide useful data regarding HPV positivity and type. The most common HPV type in Korean women with abnormal cytology is HPV16, with HPV58 and 52 being frequently present. Our data may have important implications for vaccination programs and the development of cervical screening.
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