Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 767 - 771
SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
Second-order rate constants have been measured spectrophotometrically for the Michael-type reaction of 1-(X-substituted phenyl)-2-propyn-1-ones (2a-f) with amines in H2O at 25.0 ± 0.1 ° C. A linear Brønsted-type plot is obtained with βnuc = 0.25 ± 0.02, a typical βnuc value for reactions which proceed through a stepwise mechanism with attack of amine on the electrophilic center being the rate-determining step. Secondary alicyclic amines are found to be more reactive than isobasic primary amines. The Hammett plot for the reactions of 2a-f with morpholine is not linear, i.e., the substrate with a strong electron-donating group (e.g., 4-MeO) exhibits a negative deviation from the Hammett plot. However, the Yukawa-Tsuno plot for the same reactions exhibits an excellent linear correlation with ρ = 0.62 and r = 0.82. Thus, it has been proposed that the nonlinear Hammett plot is not due to a change in the rate-determining step but due to ground-state stabilization through resonance interactions.