Journal of Inclusion Phenomena vol. 47, no. 3-4, pp. 143 - 148
Inclusion complexation of methylalkyl viologens (C1C nV2+; n = 7-10, 12) with mono-6-O-(2-sulfonato-6-naphthyl) -β-CD (1) and mono-6-O-(2-naphthyl)-β-CD (2) were studied by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopies and compared with the binding of the viologens with native β-CD investigated by induced circular dichroism. The viologens form bimodal complexes with 1 and 2, in which the bipyridinium group of the viologens is placed on the primary side (type I complex) and secondary side (type II complex) of β-CD cavity, while the group is predominantly on the secondary side in complexes with native β-CD. The microscopic binding constants KI and KII were calculated from the analysis of fluorescence data. The formation of the type I complexes with 1 and 2 appears to be largely due to the charge-transfer interaction between the bipyridinium and naphthyl groups in the complexes. This work shows that the location of the bipyridinium group in β-CD complexes and in the type II complexes of the viologens with 1 and 2 depends little on the length of alkyl chain of the viologens.