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Oncological and functional results after the surgical treatment of parotid cancer
- Oncological and functional results after the surgical treatment of parotid cancer
- Chung, E. -J.; Lee, S. -H.; Baek, S. -H.; Kwon, K. -H.; Chang, Y. -J.; Rho, Y. -S.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 16 - 22
- parotid cancer; surgery; prognosis; facial paralysis
- CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- The objective of this study was to analyze the oncological and functional outcomes after the surgical treatment of parotid cancer. We reviewed 80 primary parotid carcinomas retrospectively. A superficial parotidectomy was performed in 10 patients; 27 patients underwent total parotidectomy and 43 patients underwent radical parotidectonly. A facial facial nerve anastomosis was chosen for the facial nerve reconstruction in eight patients, while an interpositional graft was selected in 24 patients. The overall N-positive rate of pathology was 21.3%. The rate of occult metastasis was 8.1%. High-grade carcinoma and lymphovascular emboli were independent factors for nodal metastasis. The 5-year disease-free survival and overall survival rates were 79.7% and 78.8%, respectively. Preoperative facial nerve palsy and extraparenchymal invasion were the independent factors associated with poor disease-free survival. Of the 41 patients in the facial nerve preservation group, 13 (31.7%) had transient facial nerve paresis. In the facial nerve sacrifice group of 39 cases, (sub)total recovery (House Brackmann grade I/II) occurred in 14 (35.9%), partial recovery (House-Backmann grade III/IV) in 13 (33.3%), and no recovery (House Brackmann grade V) in 12 (30.8%). Facial nerve palsy upon presentation and extraparenchymal invasion indicate a grave prognosis. Facial nerve function after proper reconstruction is tolerable.
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