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Tissue Doppler index, E/E ', and ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction
- Tissue Doppler index, E/E ', and ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction
- Lee, Sang-Hak; Choi, Seonghoon; Chung, Wook-Jin; Byun, Young-Sup; Ryu, Sung-Kee; Pyun, Wook-Bum; Rim, Se-Joong
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES
- JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES vol. 271, no. 1-2, pp. 148 - 152
- atrial fibrillation; cerebrovascular accident; Doppler echocardiography; echocardiography; diastole; ventricular function; heart failure
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
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- Background: Although several risk factors for stroke have been reported in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the relation of LV diastolic dysfunction to stroke is still uncertain in these patients. We evaluated the relationship between tissue Doppler-derived index, E/E', as well as other clinical and echocardiographic parameters and ischemic stroke by this cross-sectional study. Methods: Three hundred thirty patients with persistent AF who had preserved LV ejection fraction were included from 6 centers. Clinical data were obtained and standard transthoracic echocardiography was performed. Patients without a history of ischemic stroke (n=280) were compared with patients with this complication (n=50). Potential determinants of ischemic stroke were identified by logistic regression analyses. Results: In univariate analyses, age, history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and symptomatic heart failure, plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level, early mitral inflow velocity (E), diastolic mitral annular velocity (E'), and E/E' ratio were significantly correlated to ischemic stroke. Multivariate regression analyses identified two significant variables that were independently associated with ischemic stroke: hypertension (odds ratio = 6.03, p = 0.008), and E/E' (odds ratio = 1.21, p = 0.002). Conclusions: These findings may have clinical implications that LV diastolic dysfunction, reflected by E/E', is a significant determinant of ischemic stroke in AF. A larger prospective data is needed to confirm the value of E/E' in risk stratification for ischemic stroke in this population. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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