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Activation of phonological codes during eye fixations in reading
- Activation of phonological codes during eye fixations in reading
- Lee, YA; Binder, KS; Kim, JO; Pollatsek, A; Rayner, K
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE
- JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 948 - 964
- AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
- SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS
- Document Type
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- Two experiments addressed the issue of whether phonological codes are activated early in a fixation during reading using the fast-priming technique (S. C. Serene & K, Rayner, 1992). Participants read sentences and, at the beginning of the initial fixation in a target location, a priming letter string was displayed, followed by the target word. Phonological priming was assessed by the difference in the gaze duration on the target word between when the prime was a homophone and when it was a control word equated with the homophone on orthographic similarity to the target. Both experiments demonstrated homophonic priming with prime durations of about 35 ms, but only for high-frequency word primes, indicating that lexicality was guiding the speed of the extraction of phonological codes early in a fixation. Evidence was also obtained for orthographic priming, and the data suggest that orthographic and phonological priming effects interact in a mutually facilitating manner.
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