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중국 송대 자수에 관한 연구

중국 송대 자수에 관한 연구
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대학원 자수과
이화여자대학교 대학원
According to the Soh-Kyong, one of the seven Chinese Classics', embroidery was already existed buring the Jesoon's era and the origin of embroidery can be detected in far older tims. Embroidery being established in orient as other handicrafts, it is important for us to study its historical background. Among these Chinese embroideries, that of the Song dynasty is most elaborate with a number of eviences still existing. Embroidery, developed by the beauty loving instinct of mon, was mainly appreciated in high society as an art or used as to indicate the profession and social ranks. In Dang dynasty, with the development of needing and dying methods, embroidery was expanded to one of the most important ladies' virtue. Sensibility of art being add, it made a remarkable progress as a measure of admiration art. As we already studied in the historical background, in Song's era, succeeding the Dang dynasty, embroidery made unusual maturity in its beauty as a mural decoration. By the way, painting of royal court had also made most splendid progross. The themes of Song dynasty's embroidery were noticeably Buddhistic. We, however, can find some great pieces expressing the beauty of nature. More brilliant style of Dang's embroidery turned its way to simplicity in Song dynasty. But in some point, Song's embroidery is better organized and more elaborate. This simplification made the needling line and needle itself more delicate, the colur more exquisite. Thus, the embroidery of Song dynasty arrived at the paramount elaboration with all kind of charms. Profound philosophy of a continental country with vast territory is well expressed in general technique in embroidery as well as in particular master pieces. And so, these embroideries preserved in the manchurian National Museum are appreciated very much all over the world. The skill of Song's embroidery is well received by the Won's, Ming's and Ching's embroideries but in the course of years, it degraded slowly. Even though the number of technique increased colouring was gorgeous, embroideries fell down to a mere decoration of dess losing its subtlety as an art. Judging from other view point, we may highly estimate the expanded scope of originality, but, it still was in the stagnation of being as amusement. Embroideries of later period than Song dynasty, which are not commented in this article, have a lot of issues to be discussed and we are in urgent need to study them in conjuncion whith the social influence.
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