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非行少年의 再非行防止에 관한 硏究

非行少年의 再非行防止에 관한 硏究
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(A) Study on the prevention of the second offence of juvenile delinquency
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교육대학원 사회과교육전공일반사회교육분야
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
지금까지 非行少年에 관해서는 많은 硏究論文이 나왔지만 再非行防止에 관해서는 參照할 만한 理論的 論文이나 資料가 거의 없는 형편이므로 本論文은 筆者가 少年院과 少年鑑別所에서 거의 十餘年間 在職하면서 觀察하고 事例調査한 것을 基礎로 作成된 것이다. 特히 本論文을 쓰게 된 目的은 再非行의 增加가 社會的으로 끼치는 영향이 매우 크기 때문에 微力하나마 再非行防止에 寄與해 보고저 함이다. 本硏究의 對象者는 少年院과 少年鑑別所에 二回以上 入院된 非行少年 235名(男 : 202名, 女 : 33名)과 全國에서 按配하여 抽出한 男女中高等學生 222名(男 : 185名, 女 : 37名)을 比較集團으로 하여 實施되었다. 硏究方法은 文獻을 通한 理論的 背景과 設問紙 調査를 實施하여 나타난 兩集團의 差異点을 分析하여 比較硏究하였고, 아울러 再非行院生들만의 意識構造를 調査하였다. 그리하여 크게 擡頭된 問題點을 抽出해내어 이에 對한 對策을 摸索해 보았다. 第Ⅰ章에서는 上記한 硏究目的과 方法 및 本硏究에서 未備한 制限點을 서술하였고, 第Ⅱ章에서는 非行의 原因論에 관한 諸學說을 考察했으며, 第Ⅲ章과 第Ⅳ章에서는 非行의 諸原因과 再非行의 諸原因을 內的原因과 外的原因으로 나누어 考察하였다. 第Ⅴ章에서는 說問紙 調査結果 나타난 것을 檢討 分析하였으며, 第Ⅵ章에서는 再非行防止에 관한 對策으로서 少年院制度의 改善點, 福祉問題, 就業 斡旋問題, 無依無託者의 入養制度 및 結緣制度, 地域社會의 非行防止政策 및 保護觀察制度의 諸側面에서 考察하였고, 少年院의 敎育內容 改善과 職業補導의 實施, 少年院 職員의 資質向上과 處遇問題, 環境改善과 施設補完問題의 各改善點에 관하여 論하였다. 끝으로 第Ⅶ章 結語에서는 再非行防止는 矯正敎育機關에만 의뢰하지 말고 철저한 家庭敎育과 아울러 社會와 國家에서도 적극적인 關心을 갖고 全力을 기울일 대 그들이 올바르게 成長하여 이 나라의 主人公이 될 수 있음을 力說하였다.;There are many theses about juvenile delinquency, but few theoretical theses or available reference materials on the prevention of second offences. The author has worked for almost ten years in a juvenile training school and a juvenile detention and classification home. This paper is based on the author's own finding. The increase of second offences leads to many serious social problems. And the goal of this theses is to prevent second offences. This research compares juvenile delinquents; 235 (202 males, 33 females) who are confined more than two times in juvenile training schools and juvenile detention and classification home with junior and senior high school students (male and female), who are chosen deliberately throughout the country. This research analyzes and compares different aspects of the two groups. It is based on a theoretical background of documents and a survey of questionaires. Particularly the structures of the juvenile delinquents' consciousness are surveyed. Serious problems are examined and the writer of this thesis considers remedies for then. In the first chapter the goal and methods of this research and the incomplete limit points are described. The theories of the causation for juvenile delinquency are considered in the second chapter. The author divides the criminal factors juvenile delinquency in two parts; the internal and external aspects, which are considered in the third and fouuth chapters. The results of the questionnairs are presented and analyzed in the fifth chapter. Possible preventive solutions to second offenders are considered in chapter six. These include the improvement of a juvenile training school's structure, welfare, employment counseling, adoption of homeless children, prevention of socially-related second offences and the probation and parole system. Also explained are improvement of the educational courses in the juvenile training school, problems of employment and job training, improving the qualities of personnel working in juvenile training school, the problems of increasing salaries of personnel, improvement of environment and facilities. Finally in the seventh chapter as a conclusion, the author suggeste that, the best way of preventing a second offense depends not only on the activities of correctional institutions but also on complete home-education as well as the sincere concern of nation and society. These cooperation of homes, schools and socciety as a whole will lead the juvenile delinquents not to commit second offences and they will become good boys and girls who contribute the nation's prosperity.
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