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F. Chopin의 Cello Sonata in g minor Op.65에 관한 연구 분석

F. Chopin의 Cello Sonata in g minor Op.65에 관한 연구 분석
Other Titles
An Analysis of Fredric Chopin's Cello Sonata in g minor, Op.65
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대학원 음악학부
이화여자대학교 대학원
The analysis results of Cello Sonata in g minor, Op.65 of F. Chopin are as follows. Cello Sonata of Chopin is his only Cello Sonata and at the same time, his final Sonata. Its theme is not solemn as much as his many Sonata works. But rhythm, lyrical melody, abundant tone and sound, unique harmony shown in Piano part embrace whole music. So the Sonata shows his various musical characteristics from Classic music through Romanticism to beginning of Impressionism music. Like his Piano Sonata works, Piano part is wholly very elaborate. So it would be very hard to maintain balance with Cello but in Largo, the third movement, harmony of Piano and Cello represents the height of very beautiful melody. And as Cello Sonata of Chopin is highly free from Sonata type of Classical era, the Cello Sonata is expressed with characteristics which are near Romanticism suite rather than characteristics of typical Sonata - Romanticism suite variably expressed unique emotion without attached to form by expanded sound and development of voice range. The characteristics of his Sonata are as follows. First, very melodious melody is used in the first theme of the first movement, B part of the second movement, and theme melody of the third movement. Second, emotion is treated lyrically using figure of broken chord. Especially, the Sonata is much used in Piano part as melodious accompaniment figure. So flow of music becomes more soft. Third, modulation through chromatic transient chord which was matrix of development in Romanticism music is much used. Fourth, in the whole music, imitation technique is expressed in very varied forms of melody and rhythm. Cello Sonata of Chopin does not have structure of typical Sonata in aspect of form like Classic Sonata. But as he acted in the period of early Romanticism, he pioneered creativity of the arts and composed Sonata from free viewpoint fit to new era. The characteristics in form of his Sonata are as follows. First, the music has poor form in development and reproduction of theme. This can be known from omission of the first theme and the second theme in development part and reproduction part of Sonata shown in the first movement respectively. Second, Scherzo which is included to the third movement in existing Sonata appears in the second movement. Third, sorrow melody shown in the third movement is continuously repeated without any form. Thus, Cello Sonata g minor, Op65 of F.Chopin shows overall characteristics shown in his Piano Sonata. Although development of theme lacks something in the aspect of form, variety in the every aspects besides this and development technique of harmony added new aspect to Romanticism Sonata.;Frederic Chopin은 낭만시대 Piano 음악의 대표자로 알려져 있다. Cello Sonata Op.65는 그의 후기 작품이며, 첼리스트 August Franchomme를 위하여 1845년과 1846년 사이 완성된 곡으로 유일하게 Piano 이외의 기악곡으로 쓴 Cello 곡이자 Chopin의 마지막 Sonata 이다. 이 작품에 나타나는 불규칙한 구성은 고전 Sonata Form에서 많이 탈피된 것을 알 수 있다. 제1악장에서 발전부에 제 2주제와 재현부의 제1주제가 나타나지 않으며, 제2악장에는 고전 Sonata의 3악장에서 흔히 볼 수 있는 Scherzo(A-B-A′ 의 3부분 형식)가 나타난다. 제3악장은 단편적 선율이 계속 연결되어 하나의 불규칙한 구조를 이루고 있다. 마지막으로 제4악장에는 A-B-A′-B′-A″ 와 Coda Form으로 이루어져 있다. 비록 고전주의 Sonata 형식의 주제전개나 발전에 있어 형식적인 면으로 치밀하지는 않지만, 그의 감미로운 서정적 선율과 독특한 화성 전개 등은 낭만주의 Sonata 발전에 있어 매우 중요한 위치를 차지하고 있다. 본 논문은 Frederic Chopin의 생애 및 음악적 특징과 그의 주요작품을 살펴본 후, 형식 · 주제 · rhythm · 화성 등에 기초하여 이 곡을 분석하고 본 논문의 주제인 Frederic Chopin Cello Sonata in g minor Op.65를 작곡가의 의도에 보다 깊이 접근하여 이해 할 수 있도록 하는데 그 목적을 두었다.
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