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고령화 시대의 공공디자인 방향에 대한 연구

고령화 시대의 공공디자인 방향에 대한 연구
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디자인대학원 디자인학과디자인매니지먼트전공
이화여자대학교 디자인대학원
With the fast growth of elderly population and the low birth rate, Korea is facing the aging society in close future. As the public design concept has been introduced, various kinds of renovation projects are conducting in many parts of public sectors. However, many of them regarded such as a copy version of successful case of overseas without any Korean identities. In this study, through the results of comparative analysis of the public spaces of retirement villages in Korea and Australia, a desirable direction and guideline of public design projects are presented. In the literature review provided the universal design as a fundamental of theory. After that, the analysis of the elderly as a user-research is introduced. Followed the definitions and guidelines of public design as world aging friendly cities are presented. Finally, limitations of the study also included. As a methodology, a comparative analysis research method was used to search for the strong point and weak point of two objects of investigation considering cultural diversity of two countries. The result of comparison showed the difference of way of thinking towards facilitation and management of public area and many of factors can promote social involvement or the elderly in the public spaces of the cities when they are adapted and wide spreaded. Respecting and caring for the elderly has been a one of the major korean identity for a long time and it has been characterized korean cultural background as a virtue. Through the research, the importance of aging friendly design was stressed as a korean public design identity and establishing detail design guidelines by the authority and local autonomous entities is regarded as an essential factor which must be settled first of all.
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