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Social capital and job search assistance: A multilevel analysis of East Asian countries

Title
Social capital and job search assistance: A multilevel analysis of East Asian countries
Authors
Kim H.H.-S.
Ewha Authors
김현수
SCOPUS Author ID
김현수scopus
Issue Date
2020
Journal Title
International Sociology
ISSN
0268-5809JCR Link
Citation
International Sociology vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 45 - 69
Keywords
East Asiainformal networksjob search assistancesocial capital
Publisher
SAGE Publications Ltd
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
This study analyzes the network antecedents of receiving job search assistance, specifically how and to what extent social capital relates to this process. Data come from probability samples on four East Asian countries. Hierarchical linear models are estimated to investigate the associations between social capital and inequality in the receipt of information and influence from personal contacts during job search. Adjusting for confounders, organizational affiliation, civic participation, and frequency of social interaction significantly predict the rate of assistance. Also significant are network size and diversity. Net of compositional effects, regional-level civic participation is further associated with the outcome. Finally, three significant cross-level interactions are observed with respect to social network characteristics (size and diversity). Understanding why some people receive more job search assistance is fundamental to status attainment and labor market inequality. Findings herein shed new light on this critical, yet underexplored, issue. © The Author(s) 2019.
DOI
10.1177/0268580919881868
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 사회학전공 > Journal papers
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