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dc.contributor.advisorHye Yun Park-
dc.contributor.authorThinn Thiri Su-
dc.creatorThinn Thiri Su-
dc.description.abstractEmpowerment, the sovereignty of women and the advancement of their social and economic conditions is a highly significant matter in itself (UNFPA 1994).Kabeer (2000) claimed that the majority of women workers in garment factories expressed positive impacts because they got improvement compared to previous life before employment. Then again, these garment firms as market strategies of the neoliberal policies would ignore rights of labor and citizen including the minimum for all costs, wages and welfares, and taxes to investors or capitalists in order to give the highest satisfaction and profits for doing business in their countries (Yimprasert and Hveem 2005). Despite the aforementioned contradictions, the number of women workers newly entering into the garment industry gets increased not only in Myanmar but also in Southeast Asian countries (International Labour Organization 2015, Huynh 2017). Hence, the present study thinks of studying the impact of employment in the garment industry on individual female workers that could shed some light on our understanding of driving factors for women to work in this industry. Myanmar garment sector was considered as the case study to investigate this inquiry at a micro-level. Moreover, this research is worked by formulating Kabeer's conceptualization of empowerment framework and this framework identically assures that the contribution of the Myanmar garment industry empowered female labors. Finally, the result shows that they obtained the job opportunities, financial independence, and freedom actions such as better livelihood patterns, getting involved in decision-making, power over expenditure. ;역량 강화, 즉 여성의 자주성과 그들의 사회∙경제적 여건의 발전은 그 자체만으로도 매우 중요한 주제이다 (UNFPA 1994). 커비어(2000)는 봉제공장에서 일하는 여성 노동자들의 대부분이 고용 전보다 고용 후 삶이 개선되었다고 주장했다. 하지만 이와 동시에 신자유주의 정책과 맞물려 봉제공장은 노동자들과 국민의 인권을 침해하며 최저임금, 부적절한 복리후생, 투자자들과 자본가들을 위한 세금 감면과 같은 마케팅 전략을 통해 투자유치 및 지원 혜택을 제공한다는 비판도 있다. 앞서 언급한 모순적 상황에도 불구하고 봉제공장에 새롭게 고용되는 미얀마를 비롯한 동남아시아 국가 여성 노동자들의 수는 증가했음을 알 수 있다(International Labour Organization 2015, Huynh 2017). 본 연구는 봉제공장 고용이 개개의 여성 노동자들에게 미치는 영향을 고찰하며 여성 노동자들을 봉제산업으로 내몰게 하는 요인을 밝히고자 한다. 미얀마 봉제산업 분야를 본 연구의 사례로 선정하여 심층적인 연구를 실행하였으며, 커비어의 역량 강화 구조를 개념화하여 봉제산업이 여성 노동자들의 역량 강화에 기여하고 있음을 증명하였다. 마지막으로, 본 연구 결과는 봉제공장 여성 노동자들이 고용의 기회, 재무적 독립, 그리고 소비지출 의사결정을 비롯한 더 나은 생계유지의 기회와 같은 행동의 자유를 획득하였음을 나타내고 있다.-
dc.description.tableofcontentsI. Introduction 1 II. Literature Review 6 A. What is Empowerment 6 B. Women's Empowerment 7 C. Women Employee Empowerment 9 D. Empowerment for Women Working in the Garment Factory 10 1. The factors to work in the garment factory 10 2. Migrant Workers changing status from a rural area in manufacturing factories 10 3. Employee's satisfaction as the empowerment 11 4. Socioeconomic Impacts by working in the garment sector 12 III. Theoretical Framework and Case Discussion 15 IV. Country Report and Case Description 20 A. General Information of Myanmar 20 B. Myanmar Garment Sector Profile 20 C. Women workforce participation in Myanmar 22 D. Governmental Institutions for Labours 23 E. Trade Unions and NGOs for Labours 24 F. General Conditions of Myanmar Garment Workers 24 G. Associations for Garment Business Environment 25 V. Analysis and Findings 26 A. Research Approach and Design 26 B. Demographic Characteristics of Workers 27 1. Profile of the Respondents 27 2. Work Profile of the Respondents 36 C. Findings 45 1. Improving Livelihood Capabilities, Assets, and Resources 45 2. Expenditure Pattern Management 53 3. Financial contribution to Family 56 4. Involvement in the Household Decision-Making 58 5. Changes in overall livelihood pattern of workers 60 D. Summary of the Findings and Discussion 63 VI. Conclusions and Recommendation 66 A. Conclusions 66 B. Recommendation 69 C. Some Limitations of the Study and Discussion for Future Research 70 References 71 Appendix 80 ABSTRACT(IN KOREAN) 89-
dc.format.extent2451071 bytes-
dc.publisher이화여자대학교 국제대학원-
dc.titleA Study on Socio-economic Empowerment of Female Workers in Myanmar’s Garment Industry-
dc.typeMaster's Thesis-
dc.format.pageviii, 89 p.-
dc.identifier.major국제대학원 국제학과- 2-
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