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Blood Pressure Reference Values for Normal Weight Korean Children and Adolescents: Data from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998-2016: The Korean Working Group of Pediatric Hypertension

Title
Blood Pressure Reference Values for Normal Weight Korean Children and Adolescents: Data from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998-2016: The Korean Working Group of Pediatric Hypertension
Authors
Kim, Sung HyePark, YoungmiSong, Young-HwanAn, Hyo SoonShin, Jae IlOh, Jin-HeeLee, Jung WonKim, Seong HeonKim, Hae SoonShin, Hye-JungLee, Hae KyoungPark, Yeong BongLee, Hae YongKim, Nam SuHa, Il-SooAhn, SoyeonLee, WoojooHong, Young Mi
Ewha Authors
홍영미김혜순이정원
SCOPUS Author ID
홍영미scopus; 김혜순scopus; 이정원scopus
Issue Date
2019
Journal Title
KOREAN CIRCULATION JOURNAL
ISSN
1738-5520JCR Link

1738-5555JCR Link
Citation
KOREAN CIRCULATION JOURNAL vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 1167 - 1180
Keywords
Blood pressureHypertensionAdolescentAuscultation
Publisher
KOREAN SOC CARDIOLOGY
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Background and Objectives: Hypertension is becoming one of the most common health conditions in children and adolescents due to increasing childhood obesity. We aimed to provide the auscultatory blood pressure (BP) normative reference values for Korean non-overweight children and adolescents. Methods: BP measurements in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were performed in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 1998 to 2016. BP was measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer. Sex-, age- and height-specific systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) percentiles were calculated in the non-overweight children (n=10,442). We used the General Additive Model for Location Scale and Shape method to calculate BP percentiles. Results: The 50th, 90th, 95th, and 99th percentiles of SBP and DBP tables and graphs of non-overweight children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were presented by age and height percentiles. We found that the SBP and DBP at the 95th percentile were well correlated with height. The BP tables presented by height contained BP values from 124 cm to 190 cm for boys and from 120 cm to 178 cm for girls. Boys had higher SBP and DBP. Conclusions: We provided the sex-, age- and height-specific auscultatory BP values using the KNHANES big data. These may be useful in diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in Korean children and adolescents.
DOI
10.4070/kcj.2019.0075
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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