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Blood Pressure Reference Values for Normal Weight Korean Children and Adolescents: Data from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998-2016: The Korean Working Group of Pediatric Hypertension
- Blood Pressure Reference Values for Normal Weight Korean Children and Adolescents: Data from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998-2016: The Korean Working Group of Pediatric Hypertension
- Kim, Sung Hye; Park, Youngmi; Song, Young-Hwan; An, Hyo Soon; Shin, Jae Il; Oh, Jin-Hee; Lee, Jung Won; Kim, Seong Heon; Kim, Hae Soon; Shin, Hye-Jung; Lee, Hae Kyoung; Park, Yeong Bong; Lee, Hae Yong; Kim, Nam Su; Ha, Il-Soo; Ahn, Soyeon; Lee, Woojoo; Hong, Young Mi
- Ewha Authors
- 홍영미; 김혜순; 이정원
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 홍영미; 김혜순; 이정원
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- KOREAN CIRCULATION JOURNAL
- KOREAN CIRCULATION JOURNAL vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 1167 - 1180
- Blood pressure; Hypertension; Adolescent; Auscultation
- KOREAN SOC CARDIOLOGY
- SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Document Type
- Background and Objectives: Hypertension is becoming one of the most common health conditions in children and adolescents due to increasing childhood obesity. We aimed to provide the auscultatory blood pressure (BP) normative reference values for Korean non-overweight children and adolescents. Methods: BP measurements in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were performed in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 1998 to 2016. BP was measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer. Sex-, age- and height-specific systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) percentiles were calculated in the non-overweight children (n=10,442). We used the General Additive Model for Location Scale and Shape method to calculate BP percentiles. Results: The 50th, 90th, 95th, and 99th percentiles of SBP and DBP tables and graphs of non-overweight children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were presented by age and height percentiles. We found that the SBP and DBP at the 95th percentile were well correlated with height. The BP tables presented by height contained BP values from 124 cm to 190 cm for boys and from 120 cm to 178 cm for girls. Boys had higher SBP and DBP. Conclusions: We provided the sex-, age- and height-specific auscultatory BP values using the KNHANES big data. These may be useful in diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in Korean children and adolescents.
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