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Social capital or liability? Gender, network size and self-rated health (SRH) among community-dwelling adults in Lao People's Democratic Republic
- Social capital or liability? Gender, network size and self-rated health (SRH) among community-dwelling adults in Lao People's Democratic Republic
- Kim, Harris Hyun-soo; Kang, Minah; Choi, Kyungwon
- Ewha Authors
- 강민아; 김현수
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 강민아; 김현수
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
- SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 617 - 626
- Social capital; Network size; Self-rated health; Contextual effect; Lao PDR
- SSCI; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- This study examines the relationship between social capital and health by focusing on a novel empirical case: Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). Specifically, it examines individual- and community-level associations between network size and self-rated health (SRH) among community-dwelling Lao adults, and how gender may moderate those associations. Data come from the original survey (of 979 respondents in 50 villages) conducted in Laos in 2015. Using pooled and stratified subsets of data, we fitted a series of (2 -level) hierarchical generalized linear models to investigate the network size-SRH linkage, while adjusting for confounders. Net of age, gender, ethnicity, partnership status, educational attainment, household economic background, life satisfaction, social support, and physical conditions (BMI and number of adverse bodily symptoms), we find that larger network size (number of confidants) is negatively related to SRH for both male and female subgroups. For the female subsample, residence in a "better-connected" community, characterized by greater aggregate network size, is also associated with lower odds of being healthy. No such contextual-level effect exists for men. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of Western Social Science Association.
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