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Development of a theranostic convergence bioradiopharmaceutical for immuno-PET based radioimmunotherapy of L1CAM in cholangiocarcinoma model

Development of a theranostic convergence bioradiopharmaceutical for immuno-PET based radioimmunotherapy of L1CAM in cholangiocarcinoma model
Song I.H.Jeong M.S.Hong H.J.Shin J.I.Park Y.S.Woo S.-K.Moon B.S.Kim K.I.Lee Y.J.Kang J.H.Lee T.S.
Ewha Authors
Issue Date
Journal Title
Clinical Cancer Research
1078-0432JCR Link
Clinical Cancer Research vol. 25, no. 20, pp. 6148 - 6159
American Association for Cancer Research Inc.
Document Type
Purpose: Cholangiocarcinoma is a malignancy of bile duct with a poor prognosis. Conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy are generally ineffective, and surgical resection is the only curative treatment for cholangiocarcinoma. L1-cell adhesion molecule (L1CAM) has been known as a novel prognostic marker and therapeutic target for cholangiocarcinoma. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of immuno-PET imaging–based radioimmunotherapy using radiolabeled anti-L1CAM antibody in cholangiocarcinoma xenograft model. Experimental Design: We prepared a theranostic convergence bioradiopharmaceutical using chimeric anti-L1CAM antibody (cA10-A3) conjugated with 1,4,7-triazacyclono-nane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (NOTA) chelator and labeled with 64Cu or 177Lu and evaluated the immuno-PET or SPECT/CT imaging and biodistribution with 64Cu-/177Lu-cA10-A3 in various cholangiocarcinoma xenograft models. Therapeutic efficacy and response monitoring were performed by 177Lu-cA10-A3 and 18F-FDG-PET, respectively, and immunohistochemistry was done by TUNEL and Ki-67. Results: Radiolabeled cA10-A3 antibodies specifically recognized L1CAM in vitro, clearly visualized cholangiocarcinoma tumors in immuno-PET and SPECT/CT imaging, and differentiated the L1CAM expression level in cholangiocarcinoma xenograft models. 177Lu-cA10-A3 (12.95 MBq/100 mg) showed statistically significant reduction in tumor volumes (P < 0.05) and decreased glucose metabolism (P < 0.01). IHC analysis revealed 177Lu-cA10-A3 treatment increased TUNEL-positive and decreased Ki-67-positive cells, compared with saline, cA10-A3, or 177Lu-isotype. Conclusions: Anti-L1CAM immuno-PET imaging using 64Cu-cA10-A3 could be translated into the clinic for characterizing the pharmacokinetics and selecting appropriate patients for radioimmunotherapy. Radioimmunotherapy using 177Lu-cA10-A3 may provide survival benefit in L1CAM-expressing cholangiocarcinoma tumor. Theranostic convergence bioradiopharmaceutical strategy would be applied as imaging biomarker-based personalized medicine in L1CAM-expressing patients with cholangiocarcinoma. © 2019 American Association for Cancer Research.
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