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L. v. Beethoven Cello Sonata No.3 in A Major, Op.69에 관한 연구 분석

L. v. Beethoven Cello Sonata No.3 in A Major, Op.69에 관한 연구 분석
Other Titles
A Study of L. v. Beethoven Cello Sonata No.3 in A Major, Op.69
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대학원 음악학부
이화여자대학교 대학원
본 논문의 목적은 L. v. Beethoven 의 5개의 Cello Sonata 중 No.3 in A Major, Op.69 를 분석하여, 악곡의 구조와 전개방식을 이해하고 그를 통해 실질적인 연주의 해석과 표현의 도움을 얻고자 한다. 베토벤(Ludwig van Beethoven, 1770-1827) 은 서양음악사에서 고전시대를 대표하는 작곡가이자, 고전시대와 낭만시대를 연결하는 교량적 역할을 담당한 중요한 작곡가이다. 따라서 그의 음악은 고전파 시대음악과 낭만파 시대음악에 이르기까지의 발전과정을 보인다. 특히 전통적인 고전양식에서 벗어나 자유로운 감정 표현과 형식의 다양함을 시도하여 베토벤이 낭만음악 시대를 열었다고 해도 과언이 아니다. 그는 20여년의 걸쳐 Cello Sonata를 총 5곡을 작곡 하였는데, 그 중 Cello Sonata No.3 Op.69 는 베토벤의 음악의 중기에 해당하는 1807년과 1808년 사이에 작곡된 곡이다. 따라서 초기에 작곡된 No.1 과 No.2 소나타들처럼 Piano가 주도하는 형태가 아니라, Cello가 Piano와 동등한 위치에서 기교나 역할이 대담하게 작곡되고 훨씬 넓은 음역이 사용되어 첼로의 독주악기로서의 가능성을 잘 보여주는 곡이라고 말할 수 있다. 이 연구를 통하여 베토벤 음악의 특징과 작품의 배경을 이해하고 그의 생애를 돌아봄으로서, 베토벤 한사람이 서양 음악사에 끼친 위대한 영향과 그것을 바탕으로 그의 Cello Sonata를 더 깊이 이해하고자 한다.;This thesis is purposed to understand the music of Beethoven widely by analysing an No.3 in A Major, Op.69 which is one of the five Musics of Cello Sonata composed by Beethoven. L. v. Beethoven is a composer who represents the classical era and an important composer who plays a bridge between the classical and romantic era. Therefore, his music shows the development of classical and romantic music. It is no exaggeration to say that Beethoven opened the era of romantic music, especially by trying to free expression of emotions and variety of forms away from traditional classical styles. He composed five songs of Cello Sonata over 20 years, of which Cello Sonata No.3 Op.69 was composed between 1807 and 1808, the middle stage of Beethoven's music. The mid-term is the time when Beethoven began to build his own musical style, breaking away from the classical framework and the influence of composers of the previous era. If the composers before Beethoven had composed for royalty or nobility in a fixed format, Beethoven inherited the musical style of classical-era, but still displayed his own originality within it, In addition, he created free expressions and new writing techniques. Also, the song became richer as the role of cello grew bigger and its musical range and technique expanded to the equal of piano than the early composition of Cello Sonata No.1 & No.2. This Sonata consists of in the form of Sonata in the first and third movement, and in the form of Scherzo in the second movement. It was composed in the form of traditional three acts, but like other ordinary sonatas, the second movement did not consist of slow movement, but was composed as Scherzo, so it proceeded with Allegro Molto's tempo. And the short insertion of the slow-tempo Adagio prelude in front of the third movement is a notable feature in the song. Cello Sonata No.3, Op.69 is a classic and romantic musical technique that not only shows an improvement over previous Sonata but also highlights cello's virtuosity and rich expression, demonstrating its potential as a solo instrument.
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