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Walnut phenolic extract inhibits nuclear factor kappaB signaling in intestinal epithelial cells, and ameliorates experimental colitis and colitis-associated colon cancer in mice

Title
Walnut phenolic extract inhibits nuclear factor kappaB signaling in intestinal epithelial cells, and ameliorates experimental colitis and colitis-associated colon cancer in mice
Authors
Koh, Seong-JoonChoi, Youn-IKim, YuriKim, Yoo-SunChoi, Sang WoonKim, Ji WonKim, Byeong GwanLee, Kook Lae
Ewha Authors
김유리
SCOPUS Author ID
김유리scopus
Issue Date
2019
Journal Title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
ISSN
1436-6207JCR Link

1436-6215JCR Link
Citation
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 1603 - 1613
Keywords
WalnutInflammatory bowel diseaseNuclear factor kappaBColon cancer
Publisher
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
PurposeWalnuts (Juglans regia) are known to have anti-cancer and immunomodulatory effects. However, little information is available on the effects of walnut phenolic extract (WPE) on intestinal inflammation and colitis-associated colon cancer.MethodsCOLO205 cells were pretreated with WPE and then stimulated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-. In the acute colitis model, wild type mice (C57BL/6) were administered 4% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) for 5 days. In the chronic colitis model, interleukin (IL)-10(-/-) mice were administered with either the vehicle or WPE (20mg/kg) by oral gavage daily for 2 weeks. In an inflammation-associated tumor model, wild type mice were administered a single intraperitoneal injection of azoxymethane followed by three cycles of 2% DSS for 5 days and 2 weeks of free water consumption.ResultsWPE significantly inhibited IL-8 and IL-1 expression in COLO205 cells. WPE attenuated both the TNF--induced IB phosphorylation/degradation and NF-B DNA binding activity. The administration of oral WPE significantly reduced the severity of colitis in both acute and chronic colitis models, including the IL-10(-/-) mice. In immunohistochemical staining, WPE attenuated NF-B signaling in the colons of both colitis models. Finally, WPE also significantly reduced tumor development in a murine model of colitis-associated colon cancer (CAC).ConclusionsWPE ameliorates acute and chronic colitis and CAC in mice, suggesting that WPE may have potentials for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease.
DOI
10.1007/s00394-018-1704-3
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신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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