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Tunneling Controls the Reaction Pathway in the Deformylation of Aldehydes by a Nonheme Iron(III)-Hydroperoxo Complex: Hydrogen Atom Abstraction versus Nucleophilic Addition
- Tunneling Controls the Reaction Pathway in the Deformylation of Aldehydes by a Nonheme Iron(III)-Hydroperoxo Complex: Hydrogen Atom Abstraction versus Nucleophilic Addition
- Bae, Seong Hee; Li, Xiao-Xi; Seo, Mi Sook; Lee, Yong-Min; Fukuzumi, Shunichi; Nam, Wonwoo
- Ewha Authors
- 남원우; 이용민; Shunichi Fukuzumi; 서미숙
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 남원우; Shunichi Fukuzumi; 서미숙
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
- JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY vol. 141, no. 19, pp. 7675 - 7679
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Mononuclear nonheme iron(III)-hydroperoxo intermediates play key roles in biological oxidation reactions. In the present study, we report the highly intriguing reactivity of a nonheme iron(III)-hydroperoxo complex, [(TMC)Fe-III(OOH)(2+) (1), in the deformylation of aldehydes, such as 2-phenylpropionaldehyde (2-PPA) and its derivatives; that is, the reaction pathway of the aldehyde deformylation by 1 varies depending on reaction conditions, such as temperature and substrate. At temperature above 248 K, the aldehyde deformylation occurs predominantly via a nucleophilic addition (NA) pathway. However, as the reaction temperature is lowered, the reaction pathway changes to a hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) pathway. Interestingly, the reaction rate becomes independent of temperature below 233 K with a huge kinetic isotope effect (KIE) value of 93 at 203 K, suggesting that the HAT reaction results from tunneling. In contrast, reactions with a deuterated 2-PPA at the alpha-position and 2-methyl-2-phenylpropionaldehyde proceed exclusively via a NA pathway irrespective of the reaction temperature. We conclude that the bifurcation pathways between NA and HAT result from the tunneling effect in the HAT reaction by 1. To the best of our knowledge, this study reports the first example showing that tunneling plays a significant role in the activation of substrate C-H bonds by a mononuclear nonheme iron(III)-hydroperoxo complex.
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