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Effect of Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy vs Open Distal Gastrectomy on Long-term Survival Among Patients With Stage I Gastric Cancer The KLASS-01 Randomized Clinical Trial

Effect of Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy vs Open Distal Gastrectomy on Long-term Survival Among Patients With Stage I Gastric Cancer The KLASS-01 Randomized Clinical Trial
Kim, Hyung-HoHan, Sang-UkKim, Min-ChanKim, WookLee, Hyuk-JoonRyu, Seung WanCho, Gyu SeokKim, Chan YoungYang, Han-KwangPark, Do JoongSong, Kyo YoungLee, Sang-IlRyu, Seong YeobLee, Joo-HoHyung, Woo JinAhn, HyeSeongAhn, Sang-HoonBae, Jae-MoonBae, Jung MinBae, Sung JoonByun, Cheul SuChang, Yeon SooCho, HyunjinCho, MinahChoi, Chang InChoi, Kyeong-WoonChoi, Seung-HoChoi, Sung IlChung, Ho-YoungChung, Joo WonChung, Jung KeeEom, Bang WoolHa, DongyeopHa, Man HoHa, TaekyungHan, Dong-SeokHan, Sang-MunHan, Se WungHuh, Yeon-JuHur, HoonHwang, Sun-HwiJang, You-JinJee, Ye SeobJeong, Gui-AeJeong, InhoJeong, OhJeong, Sang-HoJin, Sung-HoJo, Ji HoonJun, Kyong HwaJung, Bong SooJung, Do HyungJung, Mi-RanJung, YoonjuKang, DongbaekKim, Beom SuKim, Chang HyunKim, Chee YoungKim, Dong JinKim, Dong-WookKim, Ho-GoonKim, Hyoung-IlKim, Hyun IlKim, In HoKim, Ji HoonKim, Jin-JoKim, Jong-HanKim, Jong WonKim, Jun YoungKim, Kap-JungKim, Ki HanKim, Kwang HeeKim, Kyoung HwanKim, MingyuKim, Sang WoonKim, Se WonKim, Su MiKim, SungKim, Sung GeunKim, Sung SooKim, Tae HanKim, Yong HoKim, YongilKim, Yoo MinKim, You NaKim, Young-WooKo, Jeong HyunKong, Seong-HoKwon, In GyuKwon, Ji HyoungKwon, Oh KyoungLee, Chang MinLee, Han HongLee, Jun HoLee, Jun HyunLee, In SeobLee, Kyung-GooLee, Moon-SooLee, Myung JaeLee, SangeokLee, Sang HoLee, Si HakLee, Se YoulLee, Seung SooLee, SolLee, YoontaekLim, Seung HyunLim, Man-SupMin, Jae SeokMin, Sa-HongMok, Woo-KyunMok, Young-JaeNam, Yoon-HwanOh, Seung JongOh, Sung DonOh, Sung JinPark, Cho HyunPark, Dong JinPark, Ji HoPark, Ji YeonPark, Jong-MinPark, Joong-MinPark, Seong-HeumPark, SungsooPark, Yong EunPark, Young-KyuPark, Young SukRoh, ChulkyuRoh, Kun HoRyu, HoonSeo, Ho SeokSeo, Jeong EunSeo, Kyung WonSeo, Sang HyukSeon, Jang WonShin, Dong GueShin, Dong WooShin, Ho-JungSohn, Tae SungSon, Myoung WonSon, Sang-YongSon, TaeilSon, Young-GilSong, Geum JongSong, Sun-KyoSuh, Byoung JoSuh, Yun-SuhkSul, Ji-YoungSung, Choong KyungYang, Jun YoungYoo, Moon-WonYook, Jeong-HwanYoon, Hong ManYoon, Ki YoungYu, WansikKorean Laparoendoscopic Gastrointe
Ewha Authors
Issue Date
Journal Title
2374-2437JCR Link

2374-2445JCR Link
JAMA ONCOLOGY vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 506 - 513
Document Type
IMPORTANCE Laparoscopic distal gastrectomy is gaining popularity over open distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer because of better early postoperative outcomes. However, to our knowledge, no studies have proved whether laparoscopic distal gastrectomy is oncologically equivalent to open distal gastrectomy. OBJECTIVE To examine whether the long-term survival among patients with stage I gastric cancer undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy is noninferior to that among patients undergoing open distal gastrectomy. DESIGN The Korean Laparoendoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study (KLASS) group, which includes 15 surgeons from 13 institutes, conducted a phase 3, multicenter, open-label, noninferiority, prospective randomized clinical trial (KLASS-01) of patients with histologically proven, preoperative clinical stage I gastric adenocarcinoma from January 5, 2006, to August 23, 2010. Survival and recurrence status of the patients was determined in December 2016. INTERVENTIONS Patients were randomly assigned (1: 1) to laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (n = 705) or open distal gastrectomy (n = 711). Of these patients, 85 received a surgical approach opposite the one to which they were randomized (63 randomized to the open surgery group and 22 to the laparoscopic group). MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Difference in 5-year overall survival between the laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy groups. The noninferiority margin was pre-specified as -5%(corresponding hazard ratio of 1.54), with an assumed survival of 90% after 5 years in the open surgery group. RESULTS Among the 1416 patients (mean [SD] age, 57.3 [11.1] years; 940 [66.4%] male) included in the study, the 5-year overall survival rates were 94.2% in the laparoscopic group and 93.3% in the open surgery group (log-rank P = .64). Intention-to-treat analysis confirmed the noninferiority of the laparoscopic approach compared with the open approach (difference, 0.9 percentage points; 1-sided 97.5% CI, -1.6 to infinity). The 5-year cancer-specific survival rates were similar between the 2 groups (97.1% in the laparoscopic group and 97.2% in the open surgery group, log-rank P = .91; difference, -0.03 percentage points; 1-sided 97.5% CI, -1.8 to infinity). Per-protocol analysis results were consistent with the intention-to-treat results for overall and cancer-specific survival rates. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE The KLASS-01 trial revealed similar overall and cancer-specific survival rates between patients receiving laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy. Laparoscopic distal gastrectomy is an oncologically safe alternative to open surgery for stage I gastric cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION identifier: NCT00452751
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