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The Protective Effect of Exclusive Breastfeeding on Overweight/Obesity in Children with High Birth Weight

Title
The Protective Effect of Exclusive Breastfeeding on Overweight/Obesity in Children with High Birth Weight
Authors
Lee, Jung WonLee, MyeongjeeLee, JueunKim, Young JuHa, EunheeKim, Hae Soon
Ewha Authors
하은희김영주김혜순이명지이정원
SCOPUS Author ID
하은희scopus; 김영주scopus; 김혜순scopus; 이정원scopus
Issue Date
2019
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link

1598-6357JCR Link
Citation
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE vol. 34, no. 10
Keywords
Exclusive BreastfeedingOverweightObesityHigh Birth WeightChildren
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Background: A positive association between birth weight (BW) and body mass index (BMI) has been shown among children in many populations. The aim of this study was to investigate BMI trajectory according to BW status and the protective effect of breastfeeding on the prevalence of overweight/obesity in children 6 years of age. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2016 utilizing data from the National Health Information Database of Korea. The 38,049 subjects were followed until the end of 2016, providing that subjects were completely eligible for all health check-ups from birth to 6 years of age. At each check-up period, multiple logistic regressions were used to investigate the association between BW status (low birth weight [LBW], normal birth weight [NBW], high birth weight [HBW]) and growth development. Results: HBW infants were highly likely to be overweight/obese compared to NBW infants (odds ratio [OR], 1.70-2.35) and LBW infants were highly likely to be underweight (OR, 1.69-2.20) through 6 years of age. The risk of overweight/obesity decreased significantly if HBW infants were breast-fed for 6 months (OR, 0.54-0.76). Conclusion: HBW status is associated with overweight/obesity during early childhood. Exclusive breastfeeding is a significant protective factor against overweight/obesity in children with HBW.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e85
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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