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Association between cadmium and anti-Mullerian hormone in premenopausal women at particular ages
- Association between cadmium and anti-Mullerian hormone in premenopausal women at particular ages
- Lee Y.; Chung H.W.; Jeong K.; Sung Y.-A.; Lee H.; Ye S.; Ha E.-H.
- Ewha Authors
- 하은희; 성연아; 정혜원; 정경아
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 하은희; 성연아; 정혜원; 정경아
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
- Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine vol. 30, no. 1
- Ages; Anti-Mullerian hormone; Cadmium; Premenopausal women
- BioMed Central Ltd.
- Document Type
- Background: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) in women is secreted by granulosa cells of antral follicles. AMH appears to be a very stable marker for ovarian function. It may be used to diagnosis cases of premature ovarian failure, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and ovarian tumors. It has been suggested that cadmium exposure can reduce female fecundity. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether environmental exposure to cadmium was associated with alterations in AMH with regards to age. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, the data of premenopausal women living in Seoul, ranging from 30 to 45 of age was collected. The study included a total of 283 women who completed serum AMH and whole blood cadmium assessments. Linear regression analyses were used in order to examine the association between cadmium and AMH. Given that age was the strongest confounder in both cadmium and AMH concentrations, we stratified subjects by 5 years old and analyzed their data. Results: Geometric mean concentrations of blood cadmium and AMH were 0.97 μg/L and 3.02 ng/ml, respectively. Total association between cadmium and AMH was statistically significant (adjusted coefficient = - 0.34 (0.15), p = 0.02). After stratification, the only age group with a negative association between cadmium and AMH were the women raging between 30 and 35 years (adjusted coefficient = - 0.43 (0.18), p = 0.01). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that environmental exposure to cadmium may alter the AMH level of premenopausal women, depending on their age group. © 2018 The Author(s).
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