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作为成长小说的钱钟书 《围城》研究 —以与《青春之歌》、《三家巷》对比研究为中心
- 作为成长小说的钱钟书 《围城》研究 —以与《青春之歌》、《三家巷》对比研究为中心
- Other Titles
- As Bildungsroman novel's Qian Zhongshu : Centers on Comparative Study of and
- SHEN, FANGHUA
- Issue Date
- 대학원 중어중문학과
- 이화여자대학교 대학원
第五章将《围城》与《青春之歌》、《三家巷》的成长性进行对比，对其成长中体现的共性以及成长中存在的差异性进行探讨，找出并分析产生这种差异的原因。从《围城》与《青春之歌》、《三家巷》的比较分析来看，可以得出《围城》主要体现了知识分子的内在成长，而《青春之歌》、《三家巷》则主要是在主流革命号召下的成长；从成长途径来看，《围城》主要是基于家庭和爱情所得到的成长，而《青春之歌》和《三家巷》主要是通过爱情与革命所得到的成长；并且从成长叙述格局、叙事形态以及话语特征等几个方面都可以看出《围城》的不同之处。不同的创作背景以及作者不同的人生际遇思想认识都是影响《围城》与《青春之歌》、《三家巷》成长差异的原因。这就需要我们在进行成长小说比较中，既要抓住不同成长小说文本中所体现的文学价值，更要深入探究表象背后所隐藏的更为深刻的差异原因。最后是对文章进行的总结，是对论文后期的研究方向和思路进行展望。;What is growth? As soon as someone is born, they are subject to various forms of growth—physical, physiological, spiritual and psychological. Each stage of growth has its unique characteristics and bearing. Psychological growth presupposes growth of the physical body, mental health and maturity, as well as mature and rational cognition. Psychological growth requires that a person have a comprehensive and accurate understanding of oneself and others. Psychological growth presupposes that a person acts in accordance with their promises, while casting off immature and careless ways of treating others. Psychological growth requires a person to understand and interact with the world using an adult’s mode of thinking. According to sociological regulations, starting from the age of 18 years, a person can be classified as an adult. This means that at the age of 18, a person assumes legal responsibilities admitted and regulated by society and shall be economically independent. That said, most literary works are focused on psychological and sociological growth rather than mere physical and physiological growth. With the abilities to inspire, educate and enlighten, bildungsroman novels can provide positive and effective models to help guide the public, the younger generations and the future younger generations. The growth subjects noted and revealed in these works, no matter whether they are successful passengers to the end of the growth journey, strugglers who spare no effort on the road to growth or losers who fail to grow due to reasons internal or external, all provide a certain amount of guidance and enlightenment.
‘Fortress Besieged’ is a masterpiece of the bildungsroman genre that can provide readers with a lot of reference and growth experience. Of course, there is another kind of writing that was mass produced during a particular period of China’s history, namely, at the beginning of the establishment of the Communist Party of China in the revolutionary war. To meet the propagandistic needs related to the revolution, to call upon the masses to join the revolutionary war, to resist foreign aggression, to oppose the suppression by the corrupt government and to advocate the establishment of a new socialist country under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, a large number of ideologically ‘red-washed’ Chinese bildungsroman novels appeared. These works were no doubt influenced by the political discourse and zealous call for revolution. ‘Songs of Youth’ and ‘Three Lanes’ were written during this period, both of which are classic examples of ‘red-washed’ bildungsroman novels with political propaganda.
It is important to conduct growth analysis studies on ‘Fortress Besieged’, which describes the inner growth of individuals, and ‘Songs of Youth’ and ‘Three Alleys’, which focus on hero growth in a certain era, and do contrastive studies. These distinctly different growth narratives provide very different inspiration and guidance to their readers. The inspirations and revelations that are provided through inner-growth narratives are specifically internal, personal and private. The narrative of heroes in a certain era is the most effective way to establish a social ideology. The contrastive analysis of these two kinds of bildungsroman narratives can well disclose their different functions and values and provide practical guidance to the research and construction of theories on bildungsroman novels and the categorisation and writing of bildungsroman novels.
The research presented in this thesis is organised into four chapters. In the second chapter, the author analyses the development of bildungsroman novels, including the development of their concepts and characteristics. This first chapter lays a solid theoretical foundation for the writing of the chapters that follow. Based on this theoretical study, the author demonstrates that the bildungsroman novel developed to maturity in the West. With a long history spanning hundreds of years, the bildungsroman novel established a unique presence and position in the West, such that it is now recognised as a significant part of Western literature. In the cultural context of contemporary China, the term ‘bildungsroman novel’ (chengzhang xiaoshuo) appeared very late and still remains a vague concept. The literary theory related to the bildungsroman novel has not been given the spotlight it deserves, and there still remains a lack of initiative and consciousness for the creation of such texts.
The third chapter comprehensively considers and analyses the growth of Qian Zhongshu’s protagonist, Fang Hongjian, during the course of his romantic escapades described in ‘Fortress Besieged’. While analysing growth from many different perspectives, the author considers the impacts that the environment and other characters (leaders and companions) have on Fang Hongjian. Finally, the author analyses the narrative structure employed in ‘Fortress Besieged’ so as to explore the narrativisation of bildungsroman novels.
The fourth chapter analyses classic ‘red’ bildungsroman narratives. The analysis focuses mainly on ‘Songs of Youth’ and ‘Three Lanes’, to engage in a comparison. The analysis begins by discussing the respective revolutionary growth narratives found in these two works. The author analyses and summarises these revolutionary growth narratives while focusing on the ways in which the protagonists of these two stories, Lin Daojing and Zhou Bing, respectively, are guided and led to growth.
The fifth chapter compares the bildungsroman narrative of ‘Fortress Besieged’ with the narratives of ‘Songs of Youth’ and ‘Three Lanes’. This chapter discusses the similarities and differences among the bildungsroman narratives found in these stories. After identifying the narrative differences, the author considers and analyses the reasons for these differences. By comparing and analysing ‘Fortress Besieged’, ‘Songs of Youth’ and ‘Three Lanes’, the author concludes that the bildungsroman narrative of ‘Fortress Besieged’ is more representative of the inner-growth process of intellectuals, whereas the narratives found in ‘Songs of Youth’ and ‘Three Lanes’ are more representative of the mainstream growth narrative during a call to revolution. With respect to the growth trajectory, the growth narrative in ‘Fortress Besieged’ is primarily centred around family and love, whereas the growth narratives of ‘Songs of Youth’ and ‘Three Lanes’ are primarily focused on love and revolution. With respect to the narrative design, narrative form and discursive characteristics of these works, the author notes that ‘Fortress Besieged’ is different from the two other works. Different creation contexts and different life experiences of the authors account for the different growth profiles in ‘Fortress Besieged’, ‘Songs of Youth’ and ‘Three Lanes’. Thus, we must fully grasp the literary values reflected in these bildungsroman novels while engaging in our comparison and analysis. We must also further explore the more profound underlying reasons for these differences. Finally, the author puts forth a summary and suggests directions and ideas for future research.
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