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Medical Litigations Associated with Cataract Surgery in Korea

Title
Medical Litigations Associated with Cataract Surgery in Korea
Authors
Kwak, Ji YoonChoi, Kyu-RyongJun, Roo MinHan, Kyung Eun
Ewha Authors
최규룡전루민한경은
SCOPUS Author ID
최규룡scopus; 전루민scopus; 한경은scopusscopus
Issue Date
2018
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link

1598-6357JCR Link
Citation
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE vol. 33, no. 27
Keywords
Cataract SurgeryMedical DisputesMedical LitigationsOphthalmologyViolation of Duty of CareViolation of Informed Consent
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Background: To analyze the results of court rulings about medical litigations related to cataract surgery in Korea. Methods: We collected 50 anonymized judgements regarding cataract surgery between 2000 and 2016 and analyzed the reasons for the medical litigations, the court rulings, the reasons for compensation, and the amount claimed and finally awarded. Results: Forty-eight litigations (96%) resulted from errors in treatment, and the reasons were as follows: endophthalmitis, dissatisfaction of visual outcome or ocular discomfort, bullous keratopathy or corneal opacity, retinal detachment, glaucoma or vitreous hemorrhage due to the progression of an underlying diabetic retinopathy, and others in order. Two litigations (4%) arose due to errors in diagnosis. Among the 50 final cases, 21 litigations (42%) were decided in favor of the plaintiff, and 29 litigations (58%) were decided against the plaintiff and dismissed. Ten cases awarded damages to the plaintiffs because of a violation of duty of care, and 11 cases awarded damages due to a violation of informed consent. When comparing cases with errors in diagnosis to cases with errors in treatment, there was no significant difference in the relative risk of a defendant's verdict (P = 0.503). The total amount of awarded damages was KRW 439,124,496 (USD 399,204), and the average amount was KRW 20,910,690 (USD 19,010). Conclusion: Nearly half of the cases were decided in favor of the plaintiff due to the violation of informed consent. This study's results will be helpful in understanding the results of medical litigations regarding cataract surgery and reducing future lawsuits.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e180
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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