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Korean Nationwide Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance in 2000 with special reference to vancomycin resistance in enterococci, and expanded-spectrum cephalosporin and imipenem resistance in gram-negative bacilli

Title
Korean Nationwide Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance in 2000 with special reference to vancomycin resistance in enterococci, and expanded-spectrum cephalosporin and imipenem resistance in gram-negative bacilli
Authors
Lee K.Kim M.Y.Kang S.H.Kang J.O.Kim E.-C.Choi T.Y.Chong Y.Cho H.C.Ryoo N.Jeong S.H.Ha G.Y.Park G.H.Lee N.Y.Kim W.-S.Lee W.G.Kim M.Song K.S.Cho J.Hong S.-I.Uh Y.Hong K.S.Paik I.K.Pai S.H.Lee H.S.Jang S.-J.Park A.J.Rhim C.H.Lee M.H.Song W.Park Y.J.Shin J.H.Hong S.G.Sun Y.K.Lee H.J.
Ewha Authors
홍기숙
SCOPUS Author ID
홍기숙scopus
Issue Date
2003
Journal Title
Yonsei Medical Journal
ISSN
0513-5796JCR Link
Citation
vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 571 - 578
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
Antimicrobial resistance surveillance is necessary to determine the size of the problem and to guide empirical selection of antimicrobial agents for treating infected patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the results of susceptibility tests performed by hospitals participating in the Korean Nationwide Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance (KONSAR) program. The rates of oxacillin-resistant staphylococci, penicillin-non-susceptible pneumococci, and ampicillin-resistant E. faecium were over 70%. Ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae increased to 68%. Expanded-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant K. pneumoniae, fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli, and imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa remained at 16% through 27%, depending on the species. The proportions of vancomycin- resistant E. faecium and imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa were 18 - 24% and 19-21%, respectively, indicating the seriousness of antimicrobial resistance. In conclusion, the increasing prevalence of resistant bacteria indicates that more concerted effort is required to conserve the usefulness of precious new antimicrobial agents.
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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