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Diallyl sulfide down-regulates polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-induced cytochrome P450 1A1 in mouse liver and lung
- Diallyl sulfide down-regulates polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-induced cytochrome P450 1A1 in mouse liver and lung
- Hong Y.-S.; Park H.-Y.; Park S.-S.
- Ewha Authors
- 홍영숙; 박혜영
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 홍영숙; 박혜영
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Experimental and Molecular Medicine
- Experimental and Molecular Medicine vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 167 - 172
- Document Type
- The expression of cytochrome P450 genes directly within target cells is an important determinant of human susceptibility to cancers and other chemically initiated diseases. One pivotal gene, CYP1A1 codes for an inducible cytochrome P450 isozyme 1A1 responsible for the bioactivation of numerous carcinogenic polycyclic hydrocarbons. In the present study, the effects of 3-methylcholanthrene, a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, on the activity and expression of CYP1A1 and the protective effects of diallyl sulfide on 3-methylcholanthrene-induced changes in mice liver and lung were investigated. After a four daily 3-methylcholanthrene-treatment (25 mg/kg, i.p.), liver and lung microsomal 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, associated with CYP1A1, was increased. A corresponding increase in the level of CYP1A1 mRNA was observed in mouse liver and lung after 3-methylcholanthrene-treatment by Northern blot analysis. Diallyl sulfide reduced 3-methylcholanthrene-induced CYP1A1 mRNA expression and its associated EROD activity in mouse liver and lung. The modulation of CYP1A1 mRNA by 3-methylcholanthrene and diallyl sulfide was mainly due to transcriptional regulation.
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